Friday , May 7 2021

Peru, a third Latin American country, to deliver an HIV prevention pill

Peru became the third Latin American country, by Mexico and Brazil, in order to deliver a pill to help prevent HIV infection in 90% of cases, thanks to the UN program and a public-private initiative, informed program promoters.

The project is implemented by the Interdisciplinary Sexuality Research Center, AIDS and Society at Kaetano Erieaia University in Lima and the United Nations Program on HIV (UNAIDS) as part of a strategy to prevent this disease among the pernicious populations of Peru.

Project Coordinator, Kellika Conda Epidemiologist, noted that Peru is one of the first countries in Latin America with Brazil and Mexico to include the EP in the public health system.

He explained that pre-exposure prophylaxis or PPP is a method implemented in 39 countries around the world, especially in the middle economies, and where there is a higher rate of people infected with HIV.

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The method consists of taking a pill every day, which contains two antiretroviral drugs (Tenofovir / Emtricitabine), which reduces the risk of infection by 90%.

According to Konda, the project already has ten national offices, nine of them with the support of the Peruvian Ministry of Health.

"So far, we are doing very well, we have six months since the beginning of the recruitment of patients who took PEP and at the moment we are 450 people enrolled in the project," he said.

In Peru there are about 70,000 people infected with HIV, according to official figures, and the PRPP is trying to control and reduce that figure by working with vulnerable populations and more likely exposed to an eventual infection.

Epidemiologist Conda explains that you work only with people who do not live with HIV but who are at risk of catching the disease.

"The WHO recommendation is that the PDP is given to populations whose HIV rate is greater than 3 per 100 people per year. These "key" populations, such as men who have sex with men and transgender women, are the ones with whom we work"he commented.

For Konda there is a reduction in the risk for HIV in populations receiving PrEP, but information is still being collected to confirm whether this means reducing infections at the level of the general population.

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"The idea for PrEP is that if people take it, they do not acquire HIV and can break the circle of infection with other people, yet evidence of how they work at the population level is something that tries to understand more" , he said. .

The aim of this initiative is to involve 1,500 people nationally, who also join other HIV prevention programs run by the Ministry of Health.

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