In 2018 two countries were integrated into the prestigious club of those who are already 100% renewable, at least in certain periods of the year, these countries are Norway and Portugal.
After a while, Portugal has strengthened its investment in renewable energy and these efforts have already yielded strong and irreversible results. A report by Portugal's Renewable Energy Association says the monthly generation of renewable sources has reached 103.6 percent of the country's demand. Much more than what I needed. Of this percentage, 55.5% were hydroelectric and 40.2% wind, while the remaining percentage corresponds to solar energy.
Which renewable energy does not generate benefits? Of course, yes! The country saved 21 million euros and the planet was saved from the emissions of 1.8 million tons of carbon.
This year, Norway has achieved between 100 and 98% pure production thanks to the hydroelectric power plant, which accounts for more than 96% of the sector in which important projects have been developed and new technologies are being used. Two to four percent comes from wind, solar and bio-energy. Norway also promotes green transport, there is also another world record, in less than a decade it has been proposed to give a complete reversal of electric vehicles.
In 2017, the country reached 300 days of 100% renewable energy, mainly thanks to projects for the production of hydro power plants. In 2018, the new president of this nation announced a ban on fossil fuels that promote hybrids, electrical and other viable alternatives. When Costa Rica began talking about clean energy more than three decades ago, it seemed like it was building sand castles, but today time has proved to be real, and the country has achieved great successes beyond promises and good intentions.
This small country of 3.4 million people has already used the full potential of its hydroelectric generation rivers and invests 3% of its Gross Domestic Product each year in structural reform to achieve energy sovereignty in years of drought and reducing environmental footprints. Pure Energy XXI emphasizes that in the last 6 years Uruguay has invested more than $ 22 billion in sustainable remediable energy and now appears as a regional leader. The country has great winds and this is where its biggest use is for generating clean energy. Keep in mind that this does not mean that you neglect the sun or the use of biogas.
Iceland and Lesotho
Hydroelectric power plants in Lesotho: In 1998, a hydropower plant was opened that enabled the sale of energy and water in South Africa. The country produces 90% of the required energy. The country's small industry is based on the transformation of agricultural products and clothing. Lesotho managed to be 100% renewable, thanks to hydroelectric power, but still copes with drought at those times of buying energy from other neighboring countries. The recovery process must be consolidated and progressed.
Iceland's volcanoes: Energy in Iceland is almost entirely based on renewable energy. In 2011, this country produced 65 444 GWh of primary energy, of which more than 85% came from local renewable energy sources. The geothermal energy of the volcanoes gave 66.3% of the primary energy, supplemented with hydroelectric 19.1% and other sources. In 2013, produced electricity reached 18 116 GWh, which were generated almost 100% of renewable energy – they exceeded 99% in 1982 and are almost exclusive since then -. The main use of geothermal energy is the heating of buildings, with 45.4% of the total consumption of geothermal energy and electricity production, with 38.8%. About 85% of the country's homes are heated by this energy.
This time is not easy, there are many interests, especially big oil companies. Now the march to victory does not stop the renewable sources from staying. They are progressing against all chances in Spain, with a new place in Argentina and, of course, in Colombia, Bolivia, Mexico and Brazil.
Read also Mexico's impressive solar power plant of 2.3 million photovoltaic panels