Maria Matamoros, 39, a few hours before the International Day for the Fight Against Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which marks this Saturday, has risen early to celebrate this for a decade, the battle for that disease has been defeated. Daily attacks on your white blood cells and leaves you prone to infection.
This woman learned that she had HIV in 2008. But the worst thing about her is not to find out that she is sick, but that her daughter, just for two months, was also infected.
"For me, maybe it was not so shocking, because I thought that she was my daughter. Because she was not receiving medication during pregnancy, she was born almost dying," Mary lamented.
During pregnancy, Matamoros did not miss any of the medical appointments. In one of the first doctor visits, Morazan Health Center took blood tests; among them HIV. However, he was never informed that the result was positive.
"When I was pregnant, they tested me at the health center Morazan, but they never gave me. I did not know that I was HIV positive when I was pregnant and I gave birth to the girl, which are the first steps to infect a baby, because I gave my chest and doctors believe it's more likely that I infected her, "she says. survivor.
Maria says she was infected by her previous couple with whom she never gave birth, and when she left her new partner, she was already infected with HIV.
"My previous partner died, he knew I had HIV, but he never told me," Matamoros said.
HIV cases have increased in the last two years. The situation in Nicaragua, published by the Ministry of Health (Minda), shows that in 2016 there were 959 people with HIV positive, while in 2017 that figure rose to 1,111.
Ten years ago, Maria had to spend several months at Infantil de Jesus Rivera La Mascotta Hospital, taking care of her daughter, who presented a serious crisis of infection and allowed her to diagnose.
"She fell ill and I was two months old, she was there to find out that she and I were infected. She was in intensive care for several months, maybe the illness did not hurt me so emotionally because she sees my daughter, because everyone believed she would die "Matamoros recalled.
But the problems for Mary were just beginning, because the cost of retrovirals that people with HIV receive from treatment is between $ 300 and $ 500.
Mary had to address the public health system because they had no financial means to pay for her and her daughter's treatment. Still, things were not that easy.
On several occasions, at the German hospital in Nicaragua, Mary was told that she did not have a treatment, which forced her to fight doctors and hospital directors, as without these drugs she could die.
"I had problems getting my retrovirals, those of the girlfriend, not because they are priority because the children are decaying faster because of the defense, but in my situation I had problems. In the German hospital I have to fight because there are no retroviruses, I had to wait about three hours to give me medication, because if I do not have it, I will clean up, "explained Maria.
They insist on prevention
In the midst of all this controversy that people are facing with HIV, Maria decided to mark the International Day for the Fight against HIV, participating at the Fair held in Radio Moyer, together with the International Community of Women with HIV (in short) in English ), providing preventive information on sexually transmitted diseases.
At the event, which was held this Friday, 35 HIV tests were conducted, and the use of condoms for visitors was also explained and the website "Toma Nota" was published, where all citizens can consult on sexuality.
Matamoros has become active in the fight so that cases of people with HIV do not continue to increase as they witness the suffering and uncertainty that this disease creates.
"As a woman with HIV, I always told women that they should always take care of their partners, my husband, my daughter's father, there is no HIV, so they are barriers to cope," she advised Mary.
Maria's husband is seronegative. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that in the world half of HIV-positive people in a long-term relationship have a seronegative partner. These couples are also called serodiscrinant.
The ICD's organization co-operated with Mary in various trainings that informed her about her illness, and in the course of 2018 they carried out 200 fast-track HIV tests. The work of the organization aims to prevent and reduce mortality due to this disease.
In 2016, according to the Ministry of Health (Minea), 237 people with HIV positive died, but in 2017 cases increased to 247.
Meanwhile, Mary hopes to end up seeing her daughter. In these years, she has made all her efforts so that they do not lack drugs, because "only God knows the purpose that one has with one and only knows how much time we will live."