HERMOSILLO, SE – Vaccination against influenza is the main preventive measure to avoid the disease during the cold season, so Ministry of Health in the country insists on its application to the population with risk factors.
Gerardo Alvarez Hernández He noted that the most vulnerable groups suffering from this disease are children between 6 and 59 months, pregnant women, adults 50 and older, people with obesity, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, HIV, among others.
The biological, he explained, lasts two to three weeks to produce antibodies and be protected in the coldest phase of the year, which occurs in January and February, it is recommended to submit it at the latest in December.
"The flu is highly transmissible, that is, it is an infection of the respiratory tract that is easily transmitted through sneezing, coughing and rhinopharyngeal secretions," he said.
He added that it is possible to cope with the disease through objects or areas that touch with contaminated hands because the virus remains there, which can be found in the home, in workplaces and in the streets, such as telephones or metal pipes. .
The success of treatment against influenza, he said, is due to the speed at which it is administered, as it has been done earlier, the complications of the disease, which consists of antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir, are available to the Secretariat of Health across the country.
The drug is indicated only in patients who experience a suspected influenza, and it is not necessary to administer it in all acute respiratory symptoms, since in reality, less than 1% of the total case of acute respiratory infection (ARI) can be considered by type the flu.
Preventive measures to avoid influenza and to protect your health during the winter season:
• Apply the vaccine.
• Wash your hands frequently.
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with dirty hands.
• When coughing and sneezing, be sure to cover it with a handkerchief or with an angle that the arm is formed with the forearm.
• If you have cough, cold and / or fever, avoid shaking hands or kissing.
• Clean all environments at home and work, such as: telephones, computers, printers.
• At home, they allow ventilation and release the sun through the windows.
• Do not forget to keep warm, especially in the morning and evening, if you can use a shawl or scarf that covers your mouth while you go outdoors.
• Avoid sudden changes in temperature as much as possible.
• Try to eat vegetables and citrus which are rich in vitamins A and C, which will help strengthen the cells that protect us in the presence of microorganisms.
EXP / RED / FRU / DIC / 2018