Cultural passage of time (cinema, exhibitions and shows) can help older people to prevent depression, according to an article published in British Journal of Psychiatry. British psychologists, after analyzing the data of more than 2,000 elderly people, found that once a month in cinema or theater they reduced the risk of developing depression in old age by 48%.
The aging process is often accompanied by a deterioration in mental health. Not only diseases associated with the process of neurodegeneration, but also affective disorders (for example, depression), which can greatly reduce the quality of life. In addition, depression is considered one of the factors that increase the risk of developing dementia in old age.
To assess how cultural holidays can help older people reduce the risk of developing depression, Daisy Fankour and Ursula Timozuk of University College London (UK) have analyzed data for 2,148 Britons over 50 years old (average age at the beginning of the study). observations were 63.9 years old). For each participant, gender, age, socioeconomic status, illnesses, alcohol consumption, social exclusion (presence or absence of relatives and close friends) were available, as well as the preservation of cultural events: going to cinema, theater and exhibitions. Of all participants, 74.8% stated that they attended cultural events at least once a year.
During the ten-year observation, 616 participants were diagnosed with depression. After analyzing the data, scientists found that going to the cinema, theater or exhibition once every few months reduced the risk of developing depression by 32% and once a month by 48%.
The authors of the work, therefore, showed that cultural passage can be a factor that affects the development of depression in old age. However, scientists explain that this relationship can be given through social participation and easy physical activity, which usually accompanies a cultural holiday.
Recently, Czech scientists analyzed data from more than 20,000 Europeans and concluded that life below the poverty line in childhood could affect cognitive functions in old age. An article published in the journal Neurology, reported that people whose childhood was poor, in their old age remembered fewer words and did not have such a rich vocabulary.
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