Geneva.- Nine out of ten cervical cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, which each year take the lives of nearly 300,000 women, despite being one of the easiest types of cancer prevention and treatment, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
As a prelude to World Cancer Day on February 4th, the organization renewed its appeal today to multiply efforts to reduce the number of deaths for this reason, most of which occur because the disease was detected at a very early stage . advanced or because it does not have access to appropriate treatments.
"It's time to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem," WHO Assistant Director for Family, Women, Children and Adolescents, Netemba Simelella told the news conference.
Of the 18.1 million new cancer cases of all types reported each year, cervix affects 570,000 women.
This disease causes 7.5% of deaths in women affected by cancer in general, according to WHO.
The vaccine sold in high-income countries in the last decade and recommended for girls between 9 and 14 years old is the first essential step in preventing this type of cancer.
However, more than half of the world's countries have not yet joined their national immunization programs, said WHO's WHO vaccine expert Paul Bloom.
The vaccine works very effectively against human papillomavirus, which is transmitted mainly through sexual contact, so that immunization must be done before the onset of sex life.
It is estimated that 70% of the adult girls who receive this vaccine live in countries that do not offer it free as part of their vaccination plans. EFE