Posted on Tuesday, August 20, 201 2:27 pm EDT
Last Updated on Tuesday, 20.08.2019 at 3:29 pm EDT
NEW DELHI – A drone India launched last month began orbiting the moon on Tuesday as it approached the lunar south pole to study previously discovered water bodies.
The Indian Space Research Organization said it had successfully handled Chandrayaan-2, the Sanskrit word for "monthly craft" in lunar orbit, nearly a month after leaving Earth. The mission is led by two female scientists.
Chandrayaan will continue to orbit the Moon in solid orbit until it reaches about 100 kilometers (62 miles) from the surface of the Moon.
The earthquake would then split from the orbit and use rocket fuel as it attempted India's first monthly landing on a relatively flat surface between two craters in the south polar region on September 7 – an area where it had not previously attempted to lower the moon.
The mission is well on track, though the launch was delayed by a week.
The success of lunar landing is only 37%, said ISRO President Dr. K. Sivan at a press conference. When a semi-autonomous earthquake uses artificial intelligence to land on its own, after matching the landing site with previously loaded images of the region, "it will be a mixture of feeling, happiness and tension and greater anxiety," Sivan said, comparing him to a "groom separated from the parents' house. "
A rover will study the permanent shadow of moon cells thought to contain 100 million tonnes of water, deposits confirmed by the Indian Chandrayaan-1 mission in 2008.
Scientists believe that water and mineral deposits could make the Moon a good stopover for space travel.
Sivan said NASA's Artemis mission would use the data from Chandrayaan-2 to send astronauts to the moon by 2024, paving the way for human missions to Mars.
"The land is waiting for our data," Sivan said.
"Are we landing on the south pole for the first time, and NASA has already announced the project on the habitat type of the south pole. So this will contribute to the humanity program in a big way, "he added.
Sivan said the $ 140m Chandrayaan-2 mission is by far the most prestigious nation, partly because of the technical complexities of landing on the surface – an event he described as "a frightening 15 minutes".
If India managed landing, it would be only the fourth country to do so after the US, Russia and China.