2019 promises to be a great year for the stars. In fact, the first month of the year will bring a rare lunar event – Super Blood Moon – to excite astronomers-amateurs. This Moon Super Blood will actually be a triple of lunar events – a total eclipse of the moon, Super Moon of the Moon and the "Wolf Moon" – and also called the Moon Super Blood Wolf. The Super Moon in 2019, set on January 20 and 21 (depending on the time zone), will be visible to people in America and parts of western Europe and Africa. What makes this moon eclipse even more special, this is the last full moon eclipse until May 26, 2021. The previous eclipse of the moon occurred on July 27 last year.
When is the Super Moon Moon in January 2019?
As stated by National Geographic, the total eclipse of the moon will begin at 10:11 am on the IST on January 21 (11:41 ET, January 20) and will last 62 minutes. Most people in Asia, including India, will miss the full eclipse, while people in eastern Africa and eastern Europe will only see the partial eclipse of the moon, which will begin before 10:11 am and will continue after the 62nd minute mark. The full lunar event, including partial eclipses and total eclipse, will last 3.5 hours.
If you missed this in your science class, the total eclipse of the moon occurs when the sun, Earth, and moon are perfectly placed and the Earth blocks the entire sunlight from approaching the moon. Also, eclipse of the moon occurs only when there is a full moon.
What are the Super-Blood Moon and the "Wolf Moon"?
The Super Blood Moon is a phenomenon in which the Moon appears particularly large and bright, with reddish luster. The larger layout of the moon can be attributed to the distance between the Earth and the Moon. During the Super Moon, the Moon is closer than usual on Earth, making it look larger and brighter. But why red, do you ask? During the full moon eclipse, when sunlight passes through the Earth's atmosphere, the shorter blue wavelengths of the sun are scattered outside the shadow of the Earth, and longer red waves are broken to the moon, making it reddish. The brightness of the red shine depends on the amount of dust and clouds in the Earth's atmosphere. More dust can make the moon look dark red.
On the other hand, the Wolf Moon is a nickname for a full moon that appears in the middle of winter. It was given by the Native American tribes after the wolves that curled while they hunt for food during the winter. As we said, this event on January 21st is called the Moon of the Super Blood Wolf.