Martha Dan, Associated Press
Posted on Saturday, December 1, 2018 08:54 PM EST
CAPE CANARVER, Florida – As the newest resident of Mars settles, planet Earth is working on three more fliers and at least two orbits to join the scientific Mars Brigade.
NASA's Insight spacecraft reached the magnificent, red equatorial plains on Monday, less than 400km from Curiosity, the only other robotic robot on Mars.
It's about the distance from San Francisco to Pasadena, California, home to mission control for Mars.
InSight – the Eighth Successful Mars Charger – needs to be completed for two years digging and monitoring the earthquake by time rovers arrive from the United States, Europe, and China.
Mars 2020 NASA will catch rocks that could show evidence of ancient microbial life and break them into a safe place to return to Earth in the early 2030s. It is aimed at a once wet delta in the Jezero River.
The European-Russian ExoMars will also sniff a possible past life, drilling a few meters (meters) down for chemical fossils. The plane, which was part of the ExoMars mission in 2016, landed on the red planet.
The Mars Mars 2020 will also have an orbiter and a flyer. The United Arab Emirates, meanwhile, aims to send its first space ship to Mars in 2020; orbiter is named Hope, or Amal in Arabic.
It seems that our neighbor Mars has mermaid for Earthlings, even when NASA shifts its immediate attention to our moon.
Just three days after InSight landed, NASA released a new commercial lunar delivery program. The Space Agency has selected nine US companies to compete for scientific and technological experiments on the surface of the moon. The first launch may be next year.
NASA wants to see how it goes before trying something similar to Mars.
"The moon is the one where it is now in terms of commercial space," said Thomas Zurbuchen, head of the NASA Scientific Missions Office, who heads the lunar cargo project.
At the same time, NASA is pushing for orbit around the orbit near the moon for the astronauts in the direction of the Trump administration. It will serve as a springboard for the landing of the moon, according to NASA Administrator Jim Bridgestone, and provide a critical experience near home before people start on a two to three year mission to Mars.
Bridgestone predicts a trip to Mars for the astronauts in the mid-1920s, a "very aggressive" target.
"The reality is, yes, your nation is right now extremely dedicated to getting Mars," Bridgestone said after tracking InSight and "using the moon as a tool to achieve that goal as quickly as possible."
Mars is the obvious place for "boots on the ground" after the moon, Zurbuhen said.
What Mars makes so appealing-robotically and, ultimately, human research-is its relatively easy approach, said leading InSight scientist Bruce Bannert from the NASA laboratory for a dip laboratory. One trip is six months, every two years when the planets are closest. Conditions are harsh, but relatively hospitable. "Visible as if it were in the Antarctic without snow," Banner said.
Moreover, Mars may be one of the most likely places to find life outside of the earth, according to Banner.
The moon of Jupiter Europe may have shelter and even life, but it will take much longer and cost much more to reach there, which Bandert said it is difficult to imagine to reach such a mission any time soon .
The search for life in Europe can come about every decade, Banner said, while it is likely that every two years they will shoot robots that are launching on Mars. It's five missions on Mars for every one in Europe, he noted.
Mars currently has two functional spacecraft on the surface – InSight and Curiosity – and six satellites working from the United States, Europe, and India. The United States is the only country to successfully fly and maneuver the Mars spacecraft. Curiosity breaks the red surface of 2012. A much older NASA rover, working until June, when the global noise noise made it impossible.
In search of geological but not biological secrets deep inside the Mars, InSight already provides amazing images from the site "no one has seen before," said JPL Director Michael Watkins. These photographs remind us that in order to make science like this, "we should be brave and we should be researchers."
The NASA Mars 2020 launch window will start on July 17 of the same year. Touchdown will be February 18, 2021.
"You are all invited back," Watkins told the jolly target audience on Monday.
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