LOS ANGELES – More than 1,000 students and staff members at two universities in Los Angeles were quarantined on campus or were sent home this week in one of the biggest efforts so far by public health authorities to prevent the spread of measles in The United States, where there are cases, reached a 25-year high.
By Friday afternoon, two days after Los Angeles County ordered precautionary measures, about 325 of the affected people were released to return after proving the immunity of the disease through medical records or tests, the health authorities announced.
The action of the University of the University of California, Los Angeles and the California State University in Los Angeles, which together have more than 65,000 students, reflect the seriousness of public health officials taking over the nation's emergence.
"Small measles actually kill people, so we have to take it seriously," said Dr. Arman Dorian, chief medical officer at the USC Verdugo Hills Hospital.
Quarantined persons were instructed to stay at home and avoid contact with others. They were also forbidden to travel by public transport, including planes, trains, buses, or taxis. If they have to travel for an emergency situation, they were told to first inform public health officials.
"This is a legally binding order," said County Health Director Dr Barbara Ferrer told reporters.
Anyone who breaks it can be prosecuted, she said, but added that it seems that everyone is cooperating so far. She did not describe what punishes those who can not be confronted.
The number of cases of measles in the United States has risen to almost 700 this year, including five in Los Angeles and 38 in California. The bulk is blamed to a large extent by parents who do not take their children vaccinated for misinformation about possible dangers.
Cal State-LA reported that 875 students, employees, faculties and visitors were quarantined after being exposed to measles earlier this month. About 250 were cleaned by Friday after proving they were immune to the disease.
In UCLA, 129 students and faculty were quarantined. All but 46 were abolished by Friday.
Cal State-LA is primarily a travel school, while many UCLA students live on campus. Some UCLA students were given quarantine space to stay, university officials said, although they did not give details. Only one person remained on Friday.
Those covered by the quarantine were allocated on the basis of their possible exposure or an UCLA infected student who attended two-day classes three days earlier this month or a measles person who visited the Cal State-LA library on April 11 , officials said.
Those who may have been exposed to Cal State-LA were located by monitoring the records of those working in the library and those who reported on their computers for four hours where the infected student was infected.
Given how much time a person could stay contagious, officials said quarantine would end in Los Angeles on Tuesday and at Cal State-Los on Thursday.
In the country, lawmakers in California, New York, the state of Washington and Oregon, responded to the outbreak by attempting to take exemptions for vaccinating children. On Friday, President Donald Trump summoned everyone to be vaccinated.
Most of the cases are centered in two ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in New York – one in Brooklyn, and the other in the suburban Rockland area.
In Rockland County, officials declared a state of emergency and at one point tried to prevent unvaccinated children from schools and other public places, but the judge quashed the order.
Authorities ordered compulsory vaccinations earlier in their month in neighboring neighborhoods of Brooklyn and threatened with fines of $ 1,000. City officials said earlier this week that 12 people had been summoned.
Smallpox usually cause fever, runny nose, and a rash of all the surveillance, but in many cases can lead to death complications such as pneumonia and swelling of the brain.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend vaccination for all over a year, except for people who have had this disease as children. Those who have had measles are immune.
Health workers at the press conference have repeatedly called people who were not exposed to measles to be vaccinated, saying the vaccine is safe and effective.
"Ninety percent of people who are not immunized or who previously did not have measles, when exposed to measles, are likely to receive measles," said Ferrer.