The cold season is near Minas Gerais. And, next to her, a warning: an increase in cases of influenza. The state has registered, by this Tuesday, 456 cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), 13 that are caused by influenza and 31 of other respiratory viruses. H1N1, which led to a worldwide swine flu epidemic in 2009. One person died in White Horizonte after contracting the virus. One way to prevent and mitigate viruses is through vaccination. Doses are available to the target public in all primary health units. An epidemiological bulletin released Tuesday by the State Department of Health (SES / MG) shows the situation in Minas Gerais. Since the beginning of this year, there have been 13 cases of SARS caused by influenza (influenza), nine in Belo Horizonte. Of these, 11 were caused by H1N1. Another from Influenza A is not a subtype and one of influenza B.
In this period, by SARS, 41 deaths were reported, about 9% of the total cases. Of these, 41 patients were subjected to tests that did not detect the presence of any other respiratory virus associated, and one was confirmed with the H1N1 virus. The death, according to SES / MG, occurred in Belo Horizonte.
There were three epidemics of a flu-like illness in the country, characterized by the occurrence of at least three cases in closed or limited settings, in an interval of seven days. All were in the indigenous population, since they are all from the Masakali ethnicity. Two epidemics occurred in Bertopolis, and another in Ladaine, the two cities in the Mukuri Valley.
One way to avoid the flu and / or ease the symptoms is through the vaccine. This year, Minas Gerais will have to vaccinate 6 million people to reach the target set by the Ministry of Health. White Horizonte will have to immunize 870.4 thousand inhabitants. The campaign was scheduled. In the Minas Gerais capital, this will happen from April 10 to May 31. Vaccines are available to the population in 152 health centers in the city. To be vaccinated, you must present the card and identification document.
Adults aged 60 years or older, pregnant women, punishments (up to 45 days postpartum), health workers, teachers from public and private schools, indigenous peoples, groups with chronic non-communicable diseases and other special clinical conditions should be vaccinated, adolescents and youth from 12 to 21 years under socio-educational measures, the population deprived of liberty and prison staff, as well as children from 6 months to children under 6 years of age.
By the 18th, children and pregnant women will be preferred, the groups more susceptible to complications of influenza. Four days later, it will be open to other target audiences.
Pregnant women and children aged 6 months to 5 years, 11 months and 29 days are those most related to the state health secretary of Minas Gerais (SES-MG) regarding influenza vaccine. This is because the index fell from protected people in these categories, which is considered a priority in the country. By 2019, the public to receive the vaccine is about 6,018,977 miners – a target of 90% of the population.
The coverage of the vaccine made by the influenza campaign in 2018 was 95.8%. Although this number exceeds the target set by the Ministry of Health of 90%, the children reached only 83.53% and the pregnant women 85.12%.
According to the Ministry of Health, the initial symptoms of influenza start with high fever, followed by muscle pain, sore throat, headache, runny nose, fatigue and dry coughing. In some cases, the patient still has vomiting and diarrhea. "Fever is the most important symptom and lasts about three days. Respiratory symptoms, such as coughing and others, become more apparent with disease progression and generally remain three to five days after fever disappears." The finger also informs her on the internet page that there may be complications necessary for hospitalization. As symptoms seem like colds, the ministry shows that the first signs should be asked for a doctor. To prevent vaccination.