Every year, about five million people worldwide die from tobacco-related diseases, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The forecast is that if the current consumption pattern persists in 2020, it will be ten million deaths a year. Therefore, November 16 is not a Day of Smoking to alert the population to the risks of the disease.
Head and neck surgeon Thomas Garcia explains that smoking is a disease characterized by nicotine addiction, one of the harmful substances in cigarettes and other tobacco products. "Cigarette smoke has more than four thousand substances that can cause more than 50 diseases, especially acute myocardial infarction and malignant neoplasms in several human organs, the first and third cause of death in Brazil." , warns Thomas.
Responsible for about 200,000 deaths a year in Brazil, smoking has been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an epidemic disease and the leading cause of preventive death worldwide. The WHO estimates that one-third of the world's adult population, that is, 1 billion and 200 million people (including 200 million women), are smokers.
The expert explains that nicotine acts on the central nervous system as cocaine, heroin, alcohol, with one difference: it reaches the brain in just 7 to 19 seconds. It is normal, because when you give up smoking, the first few days without cigarettes are the hardest, but the difficulties tend to be smaller each day.
Studies show that smokers are ten times more likely to get lung cancer, five times more likely to have a heart attack, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema and twice the risk of stroke. Lung cancer is the leading cause of death in men and 3rd in women.
Among the malignancies caused by smoking, cancers include lung, mouth, larynx, bladder and esophagus. Other smoking related illnesses include high blood pressure, arterial aneurysms, digestive tract ulcers, respiratory infections, vascular thrombosis, osteoporosis, cataracts, male sexual impotence, female infertility, early menopause and early menopause.
Psychologist Wilton Cabral recommends that anyone who decides to face the challenge and quit smoking beware of the traps of everyday life. "In times of stress, it's important to try to calm down and understand that difficult situations will always arise and smoking will not be the solution to your problems. Asking a psychologist can also help minimize anxiety, ”says the doctor.
The urge to smoke does not take more than a few minutes. "In these times, to help, you can suck your ice, brush your teeth all the time, drink cold water or eat fruit. Hold hands with a rubber band, a piece of paper, draw something or handle small objects, ”the doctor advises.
Also, don't delay – get into a workout or sport that is enjoyable in the search for detox, talk to a friend, do something distracting, greatly helping to quit smoking.
In Brazil, research published in 2018 shows that smoking among Brazilians has fallen by about 36%, which has decreased from 15.7% in 2006 to 10.1% in 2017. The frequency of smoking is higher in adults with lower education (13.2%) and falls to 7.4% in those 12 years of age and over.
The survey also showed that among the main cities of the country with the highest prevalence of smokers are Curitiba (15.6%), Sоo Paulo (14.2%) and Puerto Allegri (12.5%). Salvador was the capital with the lowest smoking prevalence (4.1%).
According to the Foundation for Health Surveillance (FVS), based on the Department of Health's Mortality Information System (SIM) in the state of Amazon, in 2018 there were 315 deaths due to lung cancer in the state. Of this total, 202 deaths occurred in men and 113 in women.
"While the national level is positive for reducing consumption, we must continue to be vigilant and step up campaigns to reduce this rate of tobacco use, as well as outbreaks of diseases that could cost millions of Brazilians lives as well. lung cancer, the most common of these, ”says Thomas Garcia.