Symptoms of fever in the United States – emergence of the defeated virus
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Orthodox Jews particularly concerned with New York: US Department of Health now launches vaccination campaign
DThe measles have been beaten in the United States since 2000 and are on the rise again. Almost 700 cases have been registered since the beginning of the year – most of the official extermination 19 years ago. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), world measles infections increased by 300 percent in the first quarter of 2019.
At the national level, nearly 700 measles diseases have been registered, the US Health Care Center said. The previous record since then was 667 cases during 2014. For 2019 cases have been reported so far from 22 countries. Only 695 measles were caused by three major epidemics: two in New York and one in the state of Washington. In particular, the Orthodox Jewish community in Brooklyn County in New York was hit hard: visitors from Israel presented the disease here. Two weeks ago, Mayor Bill de Blasio declared emergency cases for parts of Brooklyn and imposed mandatory imports.
US Health Minister Alex Azar has now announced a major campaign from his ministry to make it clear that "vaccines are safe and effective". Azar noted that measles vaccines are "among most tested medical devices" and their safety has been confirmed "over many years".
In the Clark area of the northeastern state of Washington, the occurrence of measles focused on Russian residents. One child brought the virus from Ukraine in December. A state of emergency was reported in Washington.
Smallpox is a viral disease that spreads faster than flu or Ebola. If an infected person sneaks or coughs, viruses remain active for another two hours. Infection can still occur if there is no infected person in the room. In addition, infected people can transmit the measles virus four days before the onset of symptoms. Smallpox can lead to severe diarrhea, eye damage, and inflammation of the lungs and meninges, and may even lead to death. The disease is manifested by high fever and later with a red rash. In addition, life-threatening complications, such as pneumonia or meningitis, may occur, especially in people who are already immunologically deficient, such as infants or the elderly. The most affected are children, but not exclusively.
The fact that many infectious disease has spread lately, especially due to the impffeindlichen movement of the so-called. anti-Vaxxer, which is particularly strong in the United States. There, it is spread mainly through opinions in social media, medically unfocused accusations in circulation, such as the association between the measles and autism vaccine.
The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that the anti-vaccination movement is one of the major threats to global health. According to a report by the United Nations Children's Fund UNICEF, around 169 million children around the world did not receive the first dose of measles vaccine between 2010 and 2017.
Vaccination is not only for personal protection, but also for the immunization of the whole population, herd immunity. The target is a vaccination rate of 95 per cent. It is unlikely that people will be infected who can not be vaccinated for health reasons, such as babies, patients with leukemia or recipients of transplantation.
According to the WHO, the number of reported infections has increased by 50 percent in the past year compared to 2017. In the world, 136,000 people have died of measles. According to UNICEF, more measles cases were registered in 98 countries in 2018 than in 2017. Only ten countries, including Brazil, Yemen and France, account for three-quarters of the increase. The largest increase from 30,000 to 35,000 cases was observed by Ukraine. In the first two months of 2019, there were 24,000 new cases reported.
Among wealthy countries, according to UNICEF, the United States has the most unvaccinated children. 2.5 million did not even get the first vaccine here. This was followed by France with more than 600,000 such cases and the UK with 500,000 unvaccinated children. In Germany and other Western countries, vaccination is discussed with regard to the increased occurrence of measles.
The WHO recommends a vaccination rate of 95 per cent, so there is also a so-called herd immunity of the total population.