Sunday , April 11 2021

Skin cancer: an increase of 30 per cent



with 270000 New diseases are considered skin cancer as the most common cancer in Germany. How come Technical health insurance (TC), every seventh disease is dangerous malignant melanoma (black skin cancer). Between 2009 and 2015, black skin cancer has increased 30 percent and light skin cancer even more 50 percent yes. If the diagnosis is too late, black skin cancer is often fatal. But, on German Association for Cancer explains in her website: "If an early-discovered skin cancer, there are basically very high chances of recovery for all types." However, screening for skin cancer has not been taken seriously enough by many Germans.

How to Recognize Skin Cancer

The German cancer association recommends more often examining your body without clothes in the daylight before the mirror. The focus should be on moles and skin lesions. In case of doubt, a partner should also be consulted, especially in places on the back, between the toes or feet of the feet.

Rule ABCDE

Skin cancer may look very different. Because of this, several factors must be assessed. For self-examination, doctors developed the ABCDE rule. If one of the five points is applied, you should go to a doctor.

  • A: A represents asymmetry. The non-dangerous liver points are evenly circular, oval or triangular. In the case of an unusual / asymmetric / altered form they should become aware.
  • B: B represents a limitation. Borns are usually clearly marked by the skin. Is the outline of the liver is frayed, dull, sharp, rough or uneven?
  • C: C represents color. Normally, moths have the same color. Is the color of the stain in the interior mixed with pink, gray or black spots? Is the bark of the stain?
  • D: D represents the diameter. Is the native display in the shape of a hemisphere or is larger than five millimeters?
  • e: Is an evolution. This means changing the stain over time. Has the motto changed in the last three months?

Skin Cancer Report 2019

How come Technical health insurance reported, use only every fifth legally insured it free screening of skin cancer. In the current report on skin cancer 2019, the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) and the University of Bremen summarize all the facts with the TC.

UV radiation brings great risk

Professor Matthias Augustin, a dermatologist at the UKE and the editor of the report, explains: "The cause of the disease is usually decades and 20 to 30 years to develop skin cancer." Therefore, the risk of skin cancer increases with age. According to GKV, the age group of 75-79 is particularly at risk. 843 out of 100,000 insurers develop black skin cancer each year in this age group. Between 20 to 24 years old, only 41 of 100,000 are insured. There are also gender specific differences: by the age of 60, women are more likely to become sick than men. After that, it's the other way round.

The browning trend has fatal consequences

One statistic is particularly noteworthy: according to Austin, in the age group of 45 to 54 years old, many people suffer from black-skin cancer. "The reasons could be increased use of solarium and frequent sunbathing in previous years," explains the expert. Even the trend of the 70s and 80s is now revenge.

An early diagnosis is important – only one in five goes to screening

The faster you discover skin cancer, the better. However, between 2015 and 2017, only one in five legally insured persons annually used skin screening at the doctor. "Precisely because early detection is so important, we advise you to take regular skin cancer screening," says Dr. Baas. "Legally insured persons are entitled to an exam every two years, which takes a little time and is not painful. TC offers this benefit to its insured already at the age of 20," explains the head of the TC. Otherwise, the costs of projections are taken only from the age of 35 by the legal health insurance.

Artificial intelligence in medicine

Researchers have succeeded several years ago Artificial intelligence (AI) for use in screening skin cancer. This makes the diagnosis of doctors more secure. Photobooks allow computers to examine suspicious areas of the skin. Dr Baas says: "In just a few years, we expect high-quality applications that can also be used by patients for early detection of skin cancer." In addition, computers can be deployed in regions with low dermatological density in the future.

Nobel Prize in Medicine

Immunotherapists have been a breakthrough in recent years. They help the body fight the tumor itself. This makes them much more susceptible to chemotherapy.

"New data from approval studies have shown that more than 30 per cent of patients with metastatic melanoma survive for more than five years," explains Professor Gerd Glueski, a drug expert at the University of Bremen, who also contributed to the report. This is much longer than some chemotherapy. "For the discovery of this new principle of action, the so-called control point inhibitors, the Nobel Prize in Medicine was rightfully awarded in 2018," says Glace. When evaluating patient data with TC, it looks similar: after four years, another 35 per cent of patients who received such therapy. "With all justified joys about new drugs, new therapies have yet to show that they are as good as they promised in the studies," Dr. Baas to consider. "Early detection and protection from the sun remain important to minimize the risk of skin cancer."

Caused mostly for behavior

Mainly, skin cancer is a behavioral disorder. Changed behavior in behavior is above all triggers. For the high diagnostic number of black skin cancer, experts consider traveling to sunny countries and outdoor activities as a reason. Clothes and sunscreen can be protected against UV radiation. Particularly sunlight damages the skin. "Every exposure to burns is too long-lasting UV exposure harmful to the skin viable, we need to be more aware of this," says Professor Gleeske. Especially children should be protected from solar radiation. "The report gives important information on how to deal with the sun, because today's sunburn is skin cancer tomorrow," says Glace.

Read also inFranken.de: The 70's: Dermatologists expect more skin cancer


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