Cough, sniff and feel tiny – but luckily you were spared from fever. Is it even a flu?
Many people sniff or cough through the cold season. But where does the flu begin – and it stops cold? And what if I do not have a fever?
Do I Have Influenza?
Basically: One flu
it is activated by viruses and usually starts at once, "Normally, a person feels healthy in the morning and suddenly has 39 or 40 degrees of fever in the evening," explains the physiotherapist Peter Walger of the Berufsverband Deutscher Internisten in the world. Many suffer also suffer from severe head and body aches and fever and also feel miserable and petty – and partly more Weeks or even monthsOther symptoms include:
- Strong fatigue
- High temperature of 38 to 40 degrees Celsius
- Muscle pain throughout the body
- Dry cough without mucus
- Closed or runny nose
His advice: Better keep your bed for a few days straight away. After all, the flu is not a joke – and most importantly: do not forget to drink. Doctors already advise healthy people to drink one and a half to two liters on average. However, if you are ill, there is significantly more. "In case of fever, the body can quickly lose an additional two liters of fluid"Walger warns," plenty of water and tea are the best bet.
This is what you do when you have flu
In addition, the expert advises, if The pain is unbearable to resort to ibuprofen and CoBut beware: the dose is made by the poison. It is best to take just as much as necessary. However, the infectious agent advises against the combined preparations: "This mixture includes important and unimpaired single active ingredients, so the exact dose is impossible."
And he also does not think much of antibiotics: "Antibiotics have no sense in the cold or flu"They do not work against viruses". According to him, they only make sense if there is a bacterial infection in addition to viruses superinfectionwhich puts additional pressure on the weakened body.
Read also: Beware of this pain medication – it may have fatal consequences for you.
Cold: Ebbt fast – and there is no threat of fever
However, many suffer confused flu and cold together, like Symptoms are very similarBut the cold may appear up to four times a year. These are also caused by viruses – although they are different types of viruses – and here, runny nose, sore throat and headache.
But there is one big difference: one The cold starts very slowly and usually disappears after a few daysIn addition, "although it affects the condition, but you are not seriously ill," said Walger. In addition, the most important criterion is not present here: feverIn particular, this means that everyone who has a cold is fortunately spared by him. However, if you already have high fever, it's best to see a doctor quickly. This is especially true for:
- older citizens
- People with cardiovascular disease
- People with lung diseases
- People with weak immune systems
- Little kids
Cold lessons at Stiftung Warentest – Only one drug really helps,
Flu: The whole body hurts
Who does not belong to a risk group, but with suspected influenza additionally suffer from respiratory distress, circulatory disorders or even dizzinessyou should also see a doctor. By the way, this also applies to those who face a long-lasting cold or a few days, a new pressure comes. Finally, behind it can be one pneumonia hide. But other organs could be affected:
- the brain
Read also: What helps them quickly against flu symptoms?
Study surprised: One in five people infected with influenza shows no symptoms
On the other hand, the study of Lancet respiratory medicine from 2014 – which says during a flu epidemic, one-fifth is infected with influenza virusesBut now there is a hammer: Most do not even know it, because they do not have any symptomsThe team led by Andrew Hayward of University College London managed to prove that as many as three quarters of the infected. Therefore, only a few "unfortunates" got on the doctor in the episode.
How long is one really infected with influenza? You can find out here,
And that's right – after all, the flu is a serious condition that can even end in complications. Therefore, it also makes sense that there is a vaccine against the "real" flu – not for cold. The vaccine varies from year to year, depending on which flu viruses are currently in circulation.
But who takes the cost of the flu – is it synonymous, if I am guaranteed by law? You can find out here.
You can learn all about the flu in our flu guide.
Rescue Saving: These risk groups should be vaccinated against influenza