Compulsory vaccination? 14 cases of measles discuss fuel
GRAZ / LINZ. School ban for 26 unvaccinated children after the occurrence of measles in Styria
From the ninth month of life, experts advise vaccination against measles
He just feels a little uncomfortable. When a 15-year-old student came to the ambulance clinic at LHH Graz with a slight fever on January 11th, he still did not know how dangerous his stay was for other patients. The boy fell ill with measles. And all 300 people who were waiting with him in the children's hospital outpatient clinic and about two hours later were potential contacts.
Three weeks later, Landessittungsdirektion already has 14 confirmed and mainly confirmed cases. Among them there are three only four months of babies. The following cases should be expected, according to department head Marianne Wasserman-Neuhold. Since the incubation period is 21 days, it can not be excluded that the virus was transmitted by entering into pediatric practices.
In the east-styrian community of Angers (Weiss County), district authorities have therefore taken an unusual measure: 26 unvaccinated Wolkschlern was banned from going to school after Mitzler fell ill after skiing in Salzburg. As you know, you are not allowed to visit public places and premises.
The first cases of measles in Austria in 2019 also rejected the discussion of the need for vaccination. Although the Ministry of Health notes that "measles is urgently recommended for serious, highly contagious disease and vaccination," Austria is still far from the recommended vaccination rate. 93-95 percent will be the target set by the World Health Organization (WHO). In Austria, it currently stands at 83 to 85 percent. There is no compulsory vaccination. According to Health Minister Beate Hartinger-Klein (FP), this should not change. She yesterday rejected the compulsory vaccine, continued to advocate for "self-determination and enlightenment". The pediatricians from Upper Austria have long been enlightened. "What happened in Graz is what we are always afraid of, so I'm fighting to vaccinate children," says Tilmann Knigsvizzer, medical director of the Saltskammergut hospital. It is also possible to vaccinate as an adult, which is particularly important for women, as measles can harm the baby during pregnancy.
"This year there were no cases of measles, in the previous year there were four," says State Budget Director Georg Palmisano. But even in Upper Austria there may be a big phenomenon: "Because there is a pickle here," says the expert. Above all, it affects the group of 30 to 45 years – and unvaccinated children under one year. From the ninth month of the life of the free vaccination should be advised, in acute caution contagion from the already sixth month of life.
For ten years, the topic is increasingly controversial. With information leaflets and education by healthcare professionals, one must try to disperse the skepticism and insecurity of opponents for vaccination: Opponents like the self-help group "remain-do not vaccinate", which meets once a month in Linz.
Smallpox is nothing but harmless
It's a circle and only one ten thousandth of a millimeter in size: measles virus. It belongs to the family of paramyxoviruses, which are spread by drops (speaking, sneezing, coughing) even at long distances, for example, from one room to another. In humans, they can also cause mumps and influenza.
Smallpox are among the most important infectious diseases. Anyone who has ever had lifelong care. You can only get chickenpox once. But they are nothing but harmless. The WHO has warned of a rapid increase in the number of infections only at the end of 2018.
In 2017, 30 percent more cases were reported worldwide than in the previous year. 110,000 people died in 2017, most of them children. Vaccination is so important because the disease can not be treated after becoming acute. If it stops, the authorities are obliged to identify each contact person, to determine the status of vaccination and, if necessary, to be vaccinated. Those not adequately protected from measles can be excluded from visiting public institutions for up to three weeks in case of contact with a patient. In 2017, more than 500,000 people under the age of 30 were not adequately protected in Austria.
A so-called "live vaccine" is used to immunize against measles virus. It contains live measles, whose surface structure is rebuilt in a laboratory so that they can not cause disease. But the human immune system reacts to the dirty variant, it introduces the virus and then kills its infectious variant before it can expand into the body.
3 questions for Tilman Knigswieser
The medical director of the Saltskammergut hospital is a vaccine expert.
How many Austrians have been vaccinated against measles?
In adults from two to five years, 95 per cent have the first vaccine, and 81 per cent are the second vaccine. Both are necessary. But there is a marina in the 15- to 30-year-olds, as only 70 per cent have been vaccinated.
Why do some parents not vaccinate their children?
You are not sure. The vaccine is a medicine that also has side effects, which can be exhaustion and elevated temperature of the so-called. vaccine, but which are not contagious. All this is not compared with the consequences of measles infection. Every thousand infected people die from it.
Are you mandatory for vaccination?
I ask for an explanation for removing the fear of the parents. Even adults can still be vaccinated.
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