The basic fact for social hypo-plates (axes, ants …) that most people, including entomologists, are not aware of, is that they can not live without their larvae.
Next time you see an anthill, basket or nest of axes, remember: that structure is basically neonatal incombination!
Why? Look at the body of anthrax:
Did you notice your waist? Look carefully: the ants' belly is behind his thin belt. This means that the ants can not eat solids.
Now, consider the larva of anthrax:
Did you notice your waist? Not because larvae eat solid food!
That's what happens: the ants work hard in the ant to collect hundreds of babies. They go to search for food and return it back to the nest, where they chew it and put it on larvae. Larvae swallow and digest food for them. Especially proteins. Then, they produce nutrients rich in nutrients for the ants. It is your main source of amino acids and fatty acids.
And who puts the eggs to produce larvae? Queen *.
And what happens when the Queen dies **? No eggs, so there are no larvae ***.
What happens when there are no larvae? Poor nutrition In short, there is no reason for the nest. Ants gradually disintegrate and die a few weeks later. This also applies to other social hymenopers, such as axes.
(*) In fact, in many species of ants, mainly on Formicinae Manufacturers of acids, workers can also lay eggs and, therefore, keep the colony long after the death of the queen.
(**) Queens usually lives longer than the workers.
(***) The most "primitive" axes and ants can make it easier to create a new queen who will be the next woman in the hierarchy. However, if none of them is sufficiently fertile, the nest will not last long. Bees work differently.
Eduardo Fox has a Doctor of Zoology and Entomology from the State University of Sao Paulo. This entry was originally published by Quora.