Washington, November 25 (EUROPA PRESS) .- Seven minutes of starvation on the surface of Mars will culminate on November 26th, the seven months since NASA's InSight mission on the Red Planet.
InSight will reach the peak of the Mars atmosphere at 19,800 kilometers per hour and will reduce its speed to just 8 kilometers per hour before reaching its three feet on the surface of Mars. This extreme slowdown should occur in less than seven minutes.
Lockheed Martin, the main contractor for the Insight mission, produced a video that explains in detail the features of the descent of Mars surface and the complexity it represents for space engineers.
Due to the speed and friction with the atmosphere on Mars, the InSight thermal shield will withstand temperatures of 1,500 degrees Celsius. When only three minutes are left for landing in the perfect plane of Elisium Mountains, the parachute will open, after which the thermal shield will be separated and three supporting feet will be deployed to the new Mars Laboratory. Just one minute before the country touches, retro rockets will begin, having fun for a smooth landing, scheduled at 19.54 GMT.
NASA calculates a 20.01 "signal" signal sent from InSight directly to Earth, indicating that everything has gone well and that the probe works on the surface of Mars. Not before 20.04, and perhaps the next day, the first InSight image will be received from the surface of Mars. At 20.35, confirmation of the deployment of solar panels from the orbit of NASA Mars Odyssey should arrive.
The mission of this ship is not to move like vehicles "Curiosity" or "Opportunity" that seek traces of ancient humidity or biological, but to study the interior of Mars, fixed on the ground.
"The signatures of planet formation processes can be found only by detecting and studying hidden evidence well below the surface. InSight's task is to study the deep inside of Mars, taking the vital signs of the planet: the pulse, temperature, and reflexes," explains Bruce Baudert, Chief InSight Researcher, in a statement published in the NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Taking these vital signs will help InSight's scientific team remember the moment when they formed the rocky planets of the Solar System.