Cryptorchidism or undescended testes is one of the most common defects in genitals that can cause infertility, but also testicular cancer, so it's important to diagnose it from an early age.
According to Dr. Lillia Berenice Lei Makias, an Ingenes-related obstetrician, cryptorbidism or unmeasured testicles occur in about 3% of all births, as well as in 1% of children over 3 months.
This disorder, which literally means "hidden testicle", refers to a testicle that has not reached its place in the scrotum, so it is generally known as a deficiency of the origin of the testes.
Risks due to uncertain testis or cryptorchidism
Untreated cryptorbidism can have adverse effects over time. There are more cases in premature babies and there are almost no specific symptoms, but the absence of testicles in the scrotum during the examination is obvious, explains the special Ingenes specialist.
In principle, the testicle drops spontaneously during the first year of life, but when this does not occur, surgical correction must be made to avoid problems of infertility in the future, as well as the development of testicular cancer.
In this respect, it is known that a patient with cryptorbidism in one testicle has a risk of infertility of 75%. If the problem is bilateral and the correctness of the disappearance of the testicles is corrected, the risk is 50%.
In this sense, patients with uncertain testes are 7 to 10 times more likely to develop cancer in the testes than other populations.
Causes of cryptorbidism and infertility
The reasons for undeserved testicles are not quite clear, but genetic, endocrine and environmental factors are known to be involved.
Men who have both uncertified testicles have up to 89% chance of having absent sperm in the ejaculate and infertility, explains Dr. Lev Makiyas.
For this reason, men who want to be parents who have long been trying to have complete tests to diagnose severe changes in semen production, such as Azoospermia, which is the absence of sperm in the ejaculate, and cryptorbidism and development risk cancer
An alternative to performing such fertility tests is with the Ingenes reproduction biology specialists who have a unit of andrology and offer several options depending on whether there are spermatozoa or not.
One is the testis biopsy, through which the sperm is extracted directly from the epididymis, so that they fertilize the best egg in the laboratory, in order to achieve a dream to give birth to a baby at home with InTi-Fertilization.