On World AIDS Day It is celebrated on December 1st. 37 years after the onset of the first cases of AIDS, the disease caused by the HIV virus becomes less lethal and more controlled. However, still in Spain are still diagnosed every year more than three thousand new cases of HIV and more than 500 of AIDS.
According to data from the National AIDS Register, sex is still a major mode of transmission, and the trend of new cases of AIDS continues to decline due to antiretroviral treatments.
This disease is slightly less taboo than this week, thanks to the brave Revelation of Labor Lloyd Russell-Mile in the British Parliament. The parliamentarian admitted that she would soon celebrate the tenth anniversary he was diagnosed with HIV. Russell-Myle explained that, thanks to the treatment he was following in those years, he now has an invisible HIV virus, which will not get sick or transmit the virus.
In addition, the Labor Party has gone so far as to confirm that "it is safer to have sexual intercourse with a person with an undetectable HIV than a person without a diagnosis," and he started a trusted speech followed by emotional applause from the present MPs"I tell those who live with HIV that their country does not define us, we can be what we want to be."
87,000 cases of AIDS in Spain since her appearance
The National AIDS Register collects all data on new cases of HIV infection and AIDS since the onset of the global epidemic. From the first records in 1981 to June 30, 2018 in Spain, a total of 87,369 cases of AIDS have been reported.
Proportional to the population, the general tendency is this the disease has less and less incidence. Only in 2017, 3,381 new cases of HIV infection were diagnosed, with a rate of 7.26% per 100,000 inhabitants. Data from 2017 are temporary and are subject to variation of 1% in the rate, as estimated in the Epidemiological Surveillance Report 2017, available in web the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Protection.
The success of antiretroviral therapy has allowed to increase the life expectancy of patients with HIV. This causes this The current challenge of this disease is to deal with its premature aging. The first patients affected by HIV and survivors are already at an advanced age.
In 2016, 14.8% of HIV diagnoses in Spain were 50 years or older. On the occasion of the World AIDS Day, the Anti-AIDS Foundation released data on the research on aging and complications related to HIV performed by the IrsiCaixa Research Institute for SIDS.
This center investigates the effect caused by the virus, and premature aging of the immune system for five years. HIV, they say, also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and kidney problems, among others. The study, as stated in the AIDS Fight Against AIDS Foundation, is now focusing on testing "whether the administration of statins, a cholesterol drug can reduce inflammation levels and thus reduce immunosuppression in people with HIV" .
Although it is not controlled today, it can not make us forget that it is a disease that can kill it, and that happened with almost 59,000 people in Spain since 1981. In 2016, 498 people died of HIV and AIDS, representing 1.2% of the total mortality in Spain. In Spain, HIV testing is free and confidential for all people.
HIV and AIDS is not the same. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a type of virus which attacks the immune system of the infected person. This does not mean that the infected person will develop AIDS disease, an acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.