Friday , July 30 2021

The historic Antarctic expedition of the Weddell Sea sailed to dig up the remains of "endurance"

A team of scientists exploring one of the outermost regions of Antarctica, covering up the "historical" remains of endurance, began their expedition.

Ship S.A. Agulhas II sailed to the ice sheet of Larsen K, the fourth-largest ice shelf in Antarctica, where only "a small number of ships" traveled.

The mission is dual – to unravel the British explorer Ernest Shackleton, who sank in 1915, and conduct important research on climate change.

If successful, it will be "the first scientific inquiry" in that area.

According to leaders, the "scientific importance" of the region has been realized only in the last 15 to 20 years.

In 2017, the iceberg four times the size of London moved away from Lars K.

The results of the investigation can lead to the discovery of new species and provide a better insight into what happens to the level of sea ice worldwide.

John Shirts, a leader of wars, told ITV News: "The primary scientific goal of the expedition is to get to the cold shelf Larsen K. The first scientific research in that area.

"No one has ever tried to put the AUV under an ice shelf or study the sea ice in that area, so we want to be the first to do it.

"Our secondary goal, because we are in the area, is to try to find the historic ruin on the ship of Ernest Shackleton, Endurance."

British researcher Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton visited Antarctica in 1915 with the primary purpose of becoming the first person to cross the Antarctic.

However, endurance never caused a decline.

"He got stuck in the ice, floated slightly with ice and in the end he was crushed and sank," said the curator of the Scott Polar Museum, Charlotte Connelly, for ITV News.

"So leaving 28 men with three lifeboats, no one knew where they were, no one should have come looking for them – they had to get away from that mess."

While six survived, the remains were never found.

Despite being armed with coordinates and state-of-the-art equipment, the team is still concerned that it may not be enough.

Mensun Bound, in charge of durability detection, told ITV News: "There are problems, the one who is most worried, keeps me awake at night is ice cover.

"Then we need to ask ourselves, how good is the position of the ruin? Can we find a wreck? We have Warlzi [an explorer who served with Shackleton] recorded coordinates, but how good are they?

"Latitude is pretty sound, length, length is worrying me silly, it's always length. And then, you know what, the sea is a very big place.

But, Mr Shears is optimistic about their chances of finding resilience and telling the "incredible story of survival and the leadership of his researchers."

Together with the discovery of a vital research on the history of the research, he is also excited about the installation of a free floating robot, AUV, under the ice sheet of Larsen C.

This technology can help develop global research done at sea ice level around the world.

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