The wonder of humankind to see what lies outside the planet Earth progressed further in 2018, with many successful missions and test flights that ordinary folk rocket explosions could see in a few years.
But the year in which Nasa turned 60 and the International Space Station (ISS) celebrated its 20th anniversary, it does not go completely …
SpaceX missile manufacturer progressed in 2018, opening the first test for its Falcon Heavy rocket with a red sports car attached to it in February.
Founder Elon Mask sent his personal Tesla Roadster on a journey to Mars on the Tough Board from the same launched strip in Florida, used by NASA nearly 50 years earlier to send people to the moon.
Aeolus, a British laser satellite designed to measure wind speeds, was released into space in August by the European Space Agency (ESA).
Less than an hour after a rocket take off at Kourou in French Guiana, the satellite was in orbit, as it launched its three-year mission to improve weather forecasts.
The British BepiColombo set off in October on a seven-year trip to Mercury, one of the least developed planets in the solar system.
Orbiters are sent to the spacecraft to understand some of the biggest questions for the planet, such as its over-iron cores, volcanic vents, and hints of water ice. We also hope that Mercury may have some answers about the origin of our solar system.
After almost seven months of traveling through space and a low descent, Insight's spacecraft successfully descended to Mars in late November.
The mission of the two-year mission of 814 million US dollars (£ 633 million) aims to illuminate the new light on how the Red Planet is formed and its deep structure, by mapping its core, bark and mantle.
InSight sent back the corners of the surface of Mars back to Earth soon after its successful arrival.
International Space Station – a matter of arrivals
The International Space Station was due to receive two new residents, astronauts Nasa Nick Hague and Rosokos Alexei Ovchin in October as part of their regular cycle of visitors, but the mission did not go to plan.
The Soyuz-FG rocket carrying the pair failed to enter their flight, resulting in a state of emergency on Earth. Neither was hurt.
Less than two months later, a second successful attempt was made, taking Anna McLane from NASA, David Saint Jacques from the Canadian Space Agency, and Oleg Kononenko from Roscosmos to the station.
Kepler Space Telescope
The NASA spacecraft, known as the Kepler Cosmic Telescope, was declared dead in October after nine years.
Working over its expected lifespan, the spacecraft spanned several months of fuel and struggled to point out certain regions in the cosmos in early October.
On their mission, Kepler discovered more than 2,600 planets outside our solar system, which included rocky Earth-like planets that could keep life alive.
Parker is a solar probe close to the Sun.
The NASA probe approached the Sun from any other spaceship in October, surpassing the previous record of 26.6 million miles set in 1976.
Over the next seven years, Sunshine Parker will make 24 close approaches to the Sun and aims to finally reach 3.8 million miles.