Although there are many species of coral from the Great Barrier Reef, waters outside Darwin are under increased threat from introduced species, spills and climate change.
In an attempt to better manage and monitor the fish population in the gloomy, crocodile-bound waters of Darwin Harbor, the Northern Territory government automated the process of feeding footage from platform-mounted cameras in an artificial intelligence platform.
Scientists from the Department of Primary Industry and Resources (DPIR) turned to GitHub and Microsoft Azure cognitive services to develop the open source AI solution, wasting dozens of hours identifying species of fish swimmers in terms of cameras to train the machine program learning behind the platform.
The first iteration of the system was under way and within a month, and over the next six months of development and deployment, its identification capabilities gradually increased to the point where AI can now identify fish with an accuracy of 95 to 99 percent.
The speed of identification of fish also accelerated to the point where AI can analyze hours of video in a few minutes, releasing scientists from the DPIR for higher quality ecosystem management.
DRIP fisheries scientists, Dr Shane Penny, said the system allows them to look at species at risk of overfishing, such as golden clover and black Jewish fish, and better adapt conservation efforts.
"These are two commercially and recreationalally important species on the Northern Territory, but research has proven that they were overcome over the larger area in Darwin," said Penny.
DPIR's Chief Information Officer, Rowan Dollar, already wants to extend the program on the basis of its initial success, including the monitoring of wild fish in freshwater systems and equipping commercial boats with cameras.
"We can look at the installation of a camera on a boat that is at sea and makes identification of the flight of flying so that we can begin to measure the inflow. We can begin to be able to identify it in real time to help better to manage these fisheries, "said the dollar.
Other fisheries around the world could also accept the system, which is set to GitHub, to manage the fish fund in different environments.
Only in the Northern Territory, the value produced by primary industries, including fisheries, reaches more than half a billion dollars a year.
NT demand for marine resources is expected to grow with global trends, where fish consumption increases by 3.2 percent per year, according to a United Nations report from 2018.
Other state environmental agencies also seek to see solutions for a vision for managing sensitive ecosystems, including the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, following invasive plant species in relation to QUT.