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Scientists explain where loneliness comes from and why it can cause death



Loneliness is a mortal danger for people and animals with a high degree of social organization. This is in line with several research and accepted ideas that a series of experts in different areas have the task to explain in detail.

Social animals

According to foot medicine, the appointment of psychiatrist Evgeny Kasianov, coordinator of the educational project Psychiatry and Neuroscience, "loneliness it can really be deadly"Scientists cite several studies that show greater mortality in conditions of social exclusion, such as older people in elderly homes compared to those who live under the care of their loved ones.

Fatal examples of loneliness can also be seen in animals as they are dolphins and whales killers, that they have an entire part of the brain dedicated to empathy and in some aspects may be communicate with each other in a "still perfect human way", according to zoologist Grigori Cidulko, an expert on whales of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

Deadly danger

"Loneliness is for them it is no less traumatic it is for us, "says the expert, emphasizing that the orc, which practically does not reproduce in captivity, lives on average only 10 to 12 years in aquariums, while in the wild – without veterinarians – they often live up to 80 years.

In experiments with other social animals, on the other hand, it has been shown that isolation causes the activation of the hypothalamic pituitary-adrenal axis by secreting the release hormones. corticotropin and cortisol, who are "orchestral masters" of stress, says Kassianov.

According to a psychiatrist, this may have several consequences, including suppression of effects dopamine, noradrenaline and serotonin – which adversely affect the level of mood and activity, memory impairment and increased risk of heart attack and strokes.

It's not necessarily isolation

Kasyanov points out that loneliness is usually defined as a discrepancy between the social relations that people and those who experience them in reality love. Based on that definition, the psychiatrist emphasizes that the feeling of loneliness is "completely subjective".

"To experience and to suffer, in fact it is not necessary to be completely alone, "said a specialist.

In this sense, Gleb Napriyenko, a psychoanalyst and art historian, confirms that the source of human solitude was not found in the lack of interpersonal relationships, but in different structures who can take those relationships that are born as a result of a specific characteristic of social beings.

Language

"Perhaps it was an invention of the language that teared the man out of his natural habitat, condemning him into loneliness"says the psychoanalyst.

Naprienko points out that, from a psychoanalytic point of view, the various structures of interpersonal relations are crucial for describing different mental disorders as social changes that are evident to date, such as the effect of people staying 24 related hours among them thanks to technology.

"This only emphasizes the problematic nature of the encounter between two bodies." Today, this meeting, perhaps more than ever, has become the site of meeting for loneliness"says a specialist.

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