The Russian space program is trying to fix its reputation for security after the unsuccessful launch because it faces an unprecedented foreign entry to orbit.
On Monday, the Roscosmos agency will try to send its first squad into space on the Soyuz rocket, because the unsuccessful failure of a similar model has forced Russian Alexei Ovchinin and US Nick Hague to leave their missions a few minutes after passing in October. They made the first emergency landing in a craft since 1975.
NASA Administrator William Gerentmayer plans to attend the launch of the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to transport Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, US astronaut Anna McClane and Canadian David Saint Jacques to the International Space Station. However, the successful mission will not reject the storm clouds on the horizon for the Russian space program.
Recent hurdles in Roscosmos, including a series of unsuccessful launches and accusations of inaccessible assets, have disrupted Soviet legacy as the first space-based space travel program. With the addition of its problems, it now faces the ability to reduce revenue, as the seat of the seven-year-old monopoly for transferring people to the space station ends.
"They are obviously worried" about losing revenue from sending US astronauts to orbit, said Gerstenmaier in an interview in Moscow before traveling to Baikonur. "They share some of the same problems we are making – there is a limited amount in the budget in our countries, and the space flight is part of the discretionary budget."
Billionaire Elon Mash, Cosmic Research Technologies, and Boeing Co have shipped astronauts deliveries to ISS, starting next year, within the NASA project for commercial teams. A group of new companies around the world are also using cheaper rockets to put down спутни спутники in space, which is a challenge for the profitable business of Roscosmos.
Roscosmos's press service declined to comment on the potential loss of revenue from NASA. She earned $ 2.6 billion from the United States for carrying astronauts and ISS equipment after NASA withdrew from its fleet of space shuttles in 2011.
Russia's market share in missile technology around the world fell slightly in 2017, which Roskosmos accused of sanctions, weak ruble and increased competition, according to an annual report released Friday. He allocated SpaceX for allegedly undermining the market thanks to the help of the US government he received.
Trusted in the technology developed decades ago in the Soviet Union, Russia can realize that it is increasingly taking over the new space race. While NASA has an agreement to send astronauts to ISS with Roscosmos by February 2020, it will stop paying for Soyuz sites if the commercial crew program leaves, says Gerstenmaier.
Unexpected funding from the United States is not always spent wisely. Alexei Kudrin, head of the country's audit department, told the lower house of parliament in June in June that he had uncovered $ 760 billion ($ 11.4 billion) financial violations of Roscosmos books.
"A few billion are spent, basically stolen, that we are currently investigating," Kudrin said in an interview published on November 25 on state television "Rossiya 24". "Roskosmos is a champion in terms of the scale of such violations."
Kudrin's criticisms were linked to the revision in 2017, Roskosmos told Tass news agency.
The agency faced a series of other problems. A critical defect was discovered at the airport of its latest cosmodrome, Vostok, in the Russian Far East, the RBC newspaper reported last week. Separately, the commission is still studying the cause of the mysterious hole found in the Russian ISU module. A continuation is planned for December 11 to investigate this issue, although the final report is not expected by February, according to Gerstensteiner.
Despite this, Alliance is still the most used launch vehicle in history, and Roscosmos has successfully drilled flights since October's failure, which was blamed on a sensor that was damaged during the assembly.
"We see tremendous advantages in which we work together and cooperate," Gerstenstein said. If the two agencies also strive for "different abilities, or there is even little competition in some areas, that's healthy," he said.