Russian cosmonauts will set foot on the moon for the first time in the early 1930s. As part of an ambitious project to create a base on the surface of the Earth's satellite, revealing the road map of the Russian space company Energia.
The landing will be preceded by the launch of the unmanned lunar module at the end of the 1920s, which can provide the first components needed for the future base.
The Russian mission to the Moon will last 14 days, in accordance with the Lunar plan, which was presented by the main designer of the company Energia Evgeny & # 39; Mikrin.
A Russian space station, built on a lunar orbit, can be used to help space astronauts.
Earlier in November, Dmitry Rogozin, head of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, said that the country plans to start building the base on the moon after 2025, with a project exceeding the American "Apollo" program of the 1960s and 1970s in terms of scale.
The lunar base will be inhabited by avatars, while cosmonauts will only visit them from time to time, he said. The machines are unlikely to look like tall, blue aliens from James Cameron's Avatar, but – as in the movie – they will be remotely controlled by human operators.
While working out the details on Monday, Rogozin said that the advanced robots currently being developed by Russia will be only helpers for people, not substitutes.
Head of space strongly rejected "Sofa experts" who, in his opinion, often questions the need to send people into space when it is expensive and dangerous, while there are robots that can be controlled from Earth or make decisions on their own.
As an axiom we believe that only people are able to control their work and conduct basic research.
Rogozin admitted that the space industry belongs to the leaders in the field of robotics and that Roscosmos is developing "Robots, including avatars."
This line of work is "very important" because "There are operations, including those in space, where it makes sense to provide robots with backup copies for people," he explained.
"But no supercomputer will ever be able to replace a human for one simple reason: man is not just a lab worker who operates machines. Man is a creator and explorer." Rogozin said.
Another reason for using cosmonauts from flesh and blood during a mission is that people in space are subject to scientific research, the head of Roscosmos added.
It has already been reported that the Russian robot android, named FEDOR, will be on board the new Russian spacecraft "Federation" ("Federatsiya"), which is due to launch in early 2020 to replace the Soyuz ships.
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