Friday , October 18 2019
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Rosario was leading a global scientific inquiry



Doctor Rosario Jose Villar is excited. And it's not for less. After more than 10 years working together with a team of 300 specialists from around the world, the world's largest child development and growth up to two years – it led – has reached the pages of the prestigious newspaper Nature today.

The results (growth) of this project were already confirmed during the recent Zica epidemic in Brazil and other Latin American countries, where the parameters of this study were undertaken to evaluate the cranial growth of the fetus and newborn, which allowed to make more precise diagnoses in more children, in all affected places.

The press work at the University of Oxford, where Villar has been a professor and researcher for two decades, will change the way pediatricians "measure" the growth and integral development of children. This, in turn, will result in benefits during the pregnancy phase, will enable the detection of early childhood problems and will benefit the implementation of public health policies that emphasize the well-being of the mother and child, the great obsession of Villar because he was a young professional.

The study, which included 60,000 mothers and babies, was done in two phases. First, from monitoring intrauterine growth in each of these pregnant women from different parts of the world. The latter, periodically evaluating more than 1,300 of these babies for up to two years.

The results reveal that the physical and neurological growth and behavior of babies occur at a very similar rate in children, regardless of their ethnic origin or where they live, provided that the living conditions are appropriate and with good nutrition. In addition, they confirm that neither the skin color nor the place of birth distinguish differences in these issues, but the quality of life. "What makes us really different in terms of health are social and economic conditions, not genetic," he said yesterday in England.

"In healthcare, what makes us different is the social and economic conditions, not the genetic ones."

Villar, who has worked for the World Health Organization for years, added: "It's not your genetic code that makes you healthier or pious, it's your zip code or your home address." "The genetic code is the central factor of mental development or growth, but there are opportunities for access to medical controls, good nutrition, breastfeeding, proper housing, access to education and low environmental risk "

Oxford researchers and their associates compared mothers in similar socio-economic, health and educational situations, but from different ethnic groups found that there were no differences in development in two years between boys raised in good health from an African city and the other from London. "We are much more similar than they are different; in any case, there are many more differences between the poor and the" rich "in a particular country than among the" rich "of different parts of the world, in order to put it in a simple language," commented the expert.

Impact

The results of this research have an international reach. Will the method of interpreting the development, size, cephalic perimeter and weight in children in the world change? What expectations do you have? "It is completely international in scope and also complements the WHO growth standards for children up to the age of 5. For the first time in medicine we have standard mental parameters for the development of 2 years of boys and girls of the same mothers we studied in First trimester of pregnancy Full evaluation using the same criteria and the same healthy populations as standards This unified strategy of comprehensive control of the mother and child is obtained for the first time for the mother, the fetus, the newborn, the premature infants and children up to two years old, "explained Villar.

Pediatricians (and especially mothers and fathers) will have a comprehensive international method, including mental development, "based on WHO criteria, rather than a mixture of local curves, sometimes questionable quality and unclear in relation to what is based on the population, with measures that are not standardized and that change if they move from a city or a state, "explained the professional.

Jose Villar, who never forgets his beloved Rosario, is enthusiastic about the possibilities this work has, because it is also a topic that he has taken as a flag after being a student.

Received at UNR, is a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology and current professor of perinatal medicine at the University of Oxford, England. He also worked for the WHO. He has authored numerous international papers. The doctor and researcher (who in 2012 marked this newspaper, at the Determination Ceremony as one of the figures of that year) is still passionate about improving the early discovery of changes in the development and growth from the uterus to childhood, as well as the provision of all tools for public and private health care for the prevention and treatment of pregnant women and their children. Now, he just made a big step in his task of providing integrated concept care to the school classroom.


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