This Thursday, January 3 is marked on the calendar of space lovers. The earth is in the periphery, a greater proximity to the Sun in its annual orbit, which produces maximum speed, accelerating 3,420 kilometers per hour above the average.
The Earth revolves around the Sun, describing an elliptical orbit of 930 million kilometers, with an average speed of 107,280 kilometers per hour, which means traveling at a distance of 365 days and nearly 6 hours; Hence, the jump counts every four years.
But according to Kepler's second law, that translation speed varies, increasing to a maximum in the perihelion (the shortest distance to the Sun) with 110,700 kilometers per hour and a reduction to be minimum in the affliction, with 103,536 kilometers per hour.
According to estimates, the affiliate will arrive on July 5 this year.
Kepler realized that the line connecting the planets and the sun covers the same area within the same time period. This means that when planets are close to the Sun in their orbit, they move faster than when they are away.
Like that, the orbital velocity of the planet will be smaller when it is at a greater distance from the Sun., while at smaller distances the speed of the orbit will be greater. The average distance of the Sun is an average of 150 million kilometers. In the affliction it reaches 152.09 million kilometers, and in the perihelion decreases to 147.10 million kilometers.