The NASA investigation of new horizons will do research on a mysterious object on a billion miles away from Pluto.
The facility is known as Ultima Thule or 2014 MU69, and the flight will take place at 4:33 am. AEDT on Tuesday, New Year.
Ultima Thule will be the farthest object ever visited by humanity.
NASA TV and Johns Hopkins University will host live video broadcasts for the meeting.
NASA will fly with a nuclear probe past the farthest object ever explored by humanity. And it can be seen from the comfort of the home.
Named Ultima Thule (pronounced "tool-ee"), or 2014 MU69, the object is a complete mystery to scientists. Researchers are still not sure what looks like a space rock, because it is one billion miles above Pluto. About the size of a mountain – about 20 miles across – Ultima Thule is too small and too far for telescopes to see clearly.
"If we know what to expect, we will not go to Ultima Tule, it's an object we have never met before," said Alan Stern, mission leader of New Horizons, previously for "Business Insider". "This is a study of what is happening".
Ultima Thule is considered to be an impeccable remnant of the formation of the solar system, which means that taking pictures and studying near New Horizons can help explain how the planets are being built and developed.
In what Stern called maneuvering with "an overwhelming mind," New horizons will get the closest to Ultima Thule – within 2,200 miles – at 12:33 AM ET (04:33 AM AEDT) on Tuesday, New Year. The probe will move at about 32,200 km / h.
On the road, the spacecraft – flown by Pluto in July 2015 – will take hundreds of photos and measurements in a highly coordinated array.
The first images should arrive on Wednesday (in Australia) and be released the next day. You can view those initial images through live video broadcasts.
But due to restrictions on the 13-year-old spacecraft (an investigation that began in 2006) and a distance of 4 billion miles, it may take up to two years for New Horizons to transmit all data for the flight of the Earth.
How to Watch Live Video Coverage at Ultima Thule Flight
The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, which runs the NASA's New Horizons mission, will host a series of live video shows for the meeting.
The segments will be broadcast via the YouTube channel on the lab from Monday to Thursday. NASA Live and NASA will also broadcast the segments, despite the closure of the government, led by President Donald Trump, for funding the wall along the US-Mexico border, which sent many NASA workers home.
"NASA will continue to stun the world with its achievements!" Jim Bridentstein, the NASA administrator, Twitter on Thursday announcing that NASA would remain in the air.
The first show of Ultima Thule will be a press conference with Stern and other scientists from the mission on Tuesday at 6 o'clock.
At 4:02 am AEDT on Tuesday, Queen Guitarist and Astrophysicist Brian May will release a song dedicated to the mission. The video coverage will continue until 4:33 am, at the moment when the new horizons fly by Ultima Thule.
Michael Buckley, a representative of the Laboratory for Applied Physics, said there would be video material at a time when scientists learn that the mission has succeeded. He said live coverage should start on Tuesday around 1:30 am and that the "OK" signal from New Horizons should arrive around 2 am on Wednesday AEDT. Press conference will be held at 3:30 pm.
The next press conferences to review the first photos closely and the scientific results of the historical overflow are scheduled for Wednesday and Thursday at 2 am. Eastern time in the United States (6 am Thursday and Friday morning AEDT).
You can watch New Horizons' main events through the NASA Live Video Player installed below.
If you want to see the coverage of the applied physics laboratory, take a look at the built-in player below or turn it on your YouTube channel.
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