Three out of four Argentine doctors recommend drinking wine with moderation and one is contraindicated completely, according to a study recently presented at an international congress and coordinated by cardiologist Ricardo Lopez Santi, who found that there is no agreement between professionals on the consumption of that drink.
The study, conducted among 745 Argentinian doctors -671 cardiologists, 18 specialists in internal medicine, 17 general practitioners and 36 other specialists – and presented at the World Congress of Cardiology, held this month in Dubai, was approved by the Argentine Federation of Cardiology (FAC) and approved by the Council of Ethics for Research at the Queen University, Canada.
The results are preliminary because they will be completed with data provided by Canadian and Uruguayan professionals, countries where research is conducted on the effect of alcohol on cardiovascular health.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the recommended daily measure, technically known as UBE (Standard Drink Unit), contains about 10 grams of alcohol, equivalent to a glass of wine of 100 milliliters, a glass of beer of 250 or a glass of 30 milliliters of whiskey.
Also, the measures differ by gender: due to differences in metabolism, two UBE are recommended for men and one for women per day.
Regarding the perceptions of moderate alcohol intake, 71% of doctors in the country consider that moderate consumption is "useful" for cardiovascular health, although half (36%) argue that this effect occurs "especially with red wine."
Meanwhile, 24% (179/737) considered that "every input is harmful", while the remaining 5% (37/737) have other opinions.
The study concludes that three out of four doctors recommend their patients to drink moderately, while one is completely contraindicated.
"Excessive alcohol consumption creates a sanitary risk, as the WHO appears to cause more than 200 diseases that determine 3.3 million deaths annually," he told the agency. Telam Lopez Santi.
However, mild to moderate consumption "was not reported as a health hazard", and in the particular case of wine is associated with "preventing chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and cancer," he said.
"There is a double look: on the one hand, excessive consumption can cause damage to several organs, including the heart, causing dilatation and heart failure, while moderate consumption, especially red wine, shows evidence of less people with coronary artery disease, he said.
And he continued: "It drew attention, especially after the studies published in the '90s, which analyzed the diet of the French, with a lot of fat and, contrary to expectations, with less presence of coronary heart disease."
"This is known as" French paradox "and is attributed to moderate and regular consumption of wine, so it is estimated that drinking 200 cubic centimeters of wine five times a week could be an appropriate dose for men and a half for women," he said .
Advised for differences in doctors' recommendations, Lopez Santi commented that the study she co-ordinated with Canadian Adrian Baranchuk "sought answers".
"More than 80% of surveyed doctors say they are not satisfied with their knowledge of international consumer guidelines and have said that these measures are confusing, and four out of 10 directly say they do not know," he said.