Meditation can be so effective in treating post-traumatic stress victims (ESPT) Like the therapies that are already used today, according to a study conducted among former US soldiers published on Friday in the Lancet Psychiatry scientific journal.
ESPT can be given after experiencing a traumatic experience, associated, for example, with death, violence or sexual assault.
It is characterized above all by recurring memories, a nightmare, he tries to avoid everything that he remembers, irritability and depression.
It occurs mainly among victims of attacks and soldiers (It is estimated that 14% of the US military that served in Iraq or Afghanistan suffers from ESPT).
Current therapies include exposure therapy. It involves gradual exposure of the patient to situations, places, images, sensations, noise, smells … related to the traumatic event, so that their bodies "get used to" do not react so intensely, gradually reducing stress
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But this technique is painful for ESPT victims according to research, 30 to 45% of patients abandon treatment.
Researchers from three universities Americans they tried meditation in a study with 203 former soldiers afflicted.
The army, women and men were divided into three groups: one practice of meditation, second therapy by exposition and the third received a theoretical course about ESPT.
60% of former soldiers who practiced 20 minutes Daily meditation they registered a significant improvement Symptoms and in this group were more people who came to the end of the study than among people undergoing exposure therapy.
Meditation is about concentrating the spirit on something specific, like breathing or an object to achieve focus on the present moment, which is defined as a state of full consciousness. In this way, you can move away from painful thoughts or feelings.
This practice "can be done alone, practically everywhere at any time, without the need for specialized equipment or personalized support, "said AFP Sanford Nidich, lead author of the study.
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