"Our results show that it's worth exploring folklore and traditional drugs in the search for new antibiotics," said Professor Paul Dyson of the Medical School at Swansea University, Wales, UK. a scientific approach that requires in the ancestors some answers to the problems of the present.
It is that an unknown species of bacteria found in Ireland's soils has proven effective against four of the top six antibiotics-resistant superbugs.
The new species of bacteria, which was called Streptomyces sp. The mythophore was discovered by a team of researchers from Wales, Brazil, Iraq and Northern Ireland. The work was published in the boundaries of microbiology.
The soil they analyzed originated from the area of Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, which is known as Boho Highlands. It is an area of "alkaline" pastures and is always said to have medicinal properties.
Research into new antimicrobials to fight resistance has prompted researchers to explore new sources, including popular drugs: a field of studies known as ethnopharmacology. They also focus on environments where you can find famous antibiotics manufacturers such as Streptomyces.
A member of the research team, Gerry Quinn, a former Boho resident, in the city of Fermanagh, knew many years of healing traditions in the area. Traditionally, a small amount of dirt was wrapped in a cotton fabric and used to treat many diseases, such as toothache, throat and neck. Interestingly, this area was previously occupied by the Druids, about 1500 years ago, and the Neolithic 4,000 years ago.
"The main findings of the study were that the recently identified Streptomyces type prevents the growth of four of the six major multiresistant pathogens identified by the WHO responsible for infections related to medical care: resistant to vancomycin Enterococcus faecium (VRE), Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), resistant to Vancomycin, Klebsiella pneumonia and resistant to carbipenem Acinetobacter baumanii, "experts say.
It is not yet clear which component of the new species prevents the growth of the pathogens, but the team is already investigating this.
Dyson concluded: "Our discovery is an important step forward in the fight against antibiotic resistance, and traditional medicines must be examined, and scientists, historians and archaeologists may have something to contribute to this task. The answer to this very modern problem can be in the wisdom of the past ".