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In the course of 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were discovered in Misiones

In the course of 2018, 36 cases of leprosy were discovered in Misiones

It was confirmed by the provincial Ministry of Health. What is it and how this disease is prevented.

The Ministry of Health of Misiones confirmed this week that during the year of 2018 there were 36 cases of leprosy in the province, which is an expected number for the endemic region. This chronic infectious disease was known to affect every 10,000 inhabitants two decades ago and is known for its consequences, but at present it has a much smaller number and can be treated successfully.

"The leprosy is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium Leprae or Hansen bacillus, which was discovered by a bacillus in the 19th century. It is treated with antibiotics and is cured.As of 1985, Argentina adopted a scheme of the World Health Organization (WHO) with three concurrent drugs a high degree of efficiency, "explained dermatologist Raul Valdes in a dialogue with PERFIL.

The specialist added that "in the country 20 years ago, leprosy was a public health problem because there was one patient for every 10,000 people, but in 1983 the law on leprosy in Argentina was changed, which decides on compulsory and free treatment in place of mandatory admission , which was no longer needed.

Characteristics of leprosy:

-It mainly affects the skin and peripheral nerves

– It's being treated

– Most often it is manifested as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain

– The transmission of the disease is through direct and prolonged contact

– The area where it is registered is most endemic is in the provinces of the north and northeast of the country: Misiones, Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes.

It usually manifests itself as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and pain.

– Most often it is manifested as a stain without sensitivity to cold, heat and / or pain.

In this context, a specialist from Australian University Hospital gave details on how the concept of the disease has changed in recent years: "Dr. Luis Maria Balia, leprosy, is the one who proposed in 1983 a law change that says that" compulsory and free treatment "and is no longer" hospitalization "because it is more effective to give an antibiotic than to limit a person, and that's where the history of leprosy changes."

"Since 1985, there has been a very significant decline in Argentina. In 2016, there were only 300 confirmed cases of leprosy across the country," he added.

"Treatment against leprosy is effective and effective," says Dr. Raul Valdes

"Today, the diagnosis becomes mild: a biopsy is taken from the clinical examination, a bacteriological examination is carried out and on that day the patient starts treatment. It is important that it is very effective and effective, two weeks after receiving, the patient ceases to be infected and gives it peace the family group, "explained a specialist.

The specialist explained the stages of the disease:

-Incubation. If a patient comes in and I think it's leprosy, the diagnosis can be done in 24 hours. Nevertheless, that person may have incubated the disease for 1 or 2 years without knowing it.

-Symptoms The best physician ally is pain, because if you hurt something, go to the professional. The leprosy affects not only the skin, but also the peripheral nervous system, the patient does not feel. When you burn or have a night in the shoe, you do not feel it and that's what's amazing, it has a part of the body that sleeps or stains. The reason for the consultation is "I do not feel".

-Contact. Infection occurs from person to person and with close relationship, that is, with relatives. We say residents, people who live under the same roof and have contacts for housing, it's our risky group. Pollution is mainly through the nose of the mouth, before it is believed that it should touch the skin, but this proved to be not the case. An intimate and extended contact is needed.

-After Effectiveness of treatment of leprosy is 95%, something in medicine is very much. The leprosy patient gave us two years of pharmacological discharge, that is, we should not take more medications and follow it for five years to know if he does not recount. In other words, a partial release is given.

Leprosarium "In 1929, when Pedro Baliña (Lewis' father), dermatologist and leprosy, proposed the mandatory law for hospitalization, leprosarians were created in Argentina, one of them was San Francisco de Cheñar (Cordoba) and another Baldomero Sommer Aires), who are currently working as general hospitals, "Valdez recalls.

"There were a lot of liparians who reacted to that law, which in turn reacted, at the time when there were no antibiotics." The only solution that society had had was to isolate infectious patients, the same thing happened in those who had tuberculosis, they isolated them, "added a specialist .

"In 1983, when Luis Balina managed to change the law, it was found that every patient with leprosy was given free compulsory treatment by the state, and not mandatory hospitalization, because it was more effective giving antibiotics to the person who restricted him. and with fewer costs, this leprosy closes as such and opens up as health centers, "he concluded.

(Source: Profile)

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