Since 1988, in the year in which World AIDS Day At the global meeting of the Health Ministers Summit on AIDS prevention programs, United Nations agencies, governments and civil society meet each year to fight in certain areas related to AIDS. Since then, significant progress has been made in response to AIDS and, to date, Three out of every four people living with HIV know their serostatus.
However, and as it is shown in Onnuid's latest report, there is still a long way to go, and this time it is to reach people living with HIV and not knowing their status and to ensure that they have access to relief services and quality prevention.
"Get to know your status", such as the theme of the World AIDS Day this year, which aims to emphasize that "testing for HIV is essential for expanding treatment and ensuring that people living with the virus have the ability to lead healthy and productive life ". It is also essential to achieve it goals 90-90-90 and to encourage people to have the power to make decisions about HIV prevention so that they can protect themselves and their loved ones.
"Viral load tests are an essential element in monitoring the treatment of HIV," said Michel Sidibe, executive director of Onusida, which "thanks to them, we can confirm that treatment works, that people remain healthy and that the virus is well controlled. "
Unfortunately, numerous hurdles continue to hinder HIV testing: Stigma and discrimination prevent people from being tested, access to confidential evidence remains problematic and many people continue to do so only after they become ill and suffer from symptoms.
The good news is that there are many new ways to expand access to HIV testing. Self-diagnostic tests, community-based tests and tests for diagnosing various illnesses help people to know their serostatus.
In the world 36.9 million people live with HIV, 1.8 million new infections are produced each year, and 940 thousand people have died from AIDS-related diseases in the past year. The statistics show the current panorama of the epidemic in the world. And they call attention to these variables because "if 90% of people with HIV know their diagnosis, 90% of them approach treatment, and 90% of them keep the viral load invisible, it's possible to end the the HIV / AIDS epidemic in 10 years, "said Onusida.
However, according to the data from Onusida in 2017, three out of every four people living with HIV (75%) knew their status. Among the people who knew their status, four out of five (79%) had access to treatment. In people who had access to treatment, four out of five (81%) had achieved viral suppression.
Call to the leaders of the G20
During the commemoration of the World Aids Day, the G20 will meet in Buenos Aires to make decisions about the future of the world and HIV is not on your agenda. That is why Fundación Huésped, together with Onusida's support, will take action to put HIV on the agenda. It is an interactive infographics in which the flags of the countries participating in the meeting represent the HIV statistics that each country maintains. In addition, the interactive infographics will materialize in an installation open to the public.
"The end of the HIV epidemic is the responsibility of world leaders and this is not an impossible goal, as most countries have tools such as testing, treating and improving the quality of life of people with HIV. The challenge is that these tools reach 90% of people with HIV. That's why we are asking to prevent deaths that can be avoided and put HIV on the agenda, "said Pedro Kahn, Fundación Huésped's scientific director.
This installation, with the flags of countries participating in the summit and statistics related to the epidemic in the world, "is trying to put on the stage what is needed to end the HIV epidemic, so we decided to show it and ask people who help us put HIV on the agenda, "added Danny Minaker and Patan Tarazaga, Director of Worderman, the agency that developed this action.
– In 2017, 36.9 million people live with HIV. 1.8 million are girls and boys under 15 years of age.
– 1.8 million new infections are produced every year.
– 940,000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in 2017.
– Since the onset of the epidemic, 77.3 million people have been infected.
– 35.4 million people have died from AIDS-related diseases since the onset of the epidemic.
– In 2017, in the world, 59% of people living with HIV had access to treatment. 59% of adults over 15 years of age living with HIV had access to treatment, as well as 52% of girls and boys up to 14 years of age.
– In 2017, in the world, 80% of pregnant women living with HIV had access to antiretroviral drugs to prevent the transmission of HIV to their daughters and sons.
– Every week, about 7,000 young women between 15 and 24 years old have contracted HIV.
– More than a third (35%) of women worldwide have suffered physical or sexual violence at some point in their lives. In some regions, women who are victims of violence are 50% more likely to contract HIV.
– 4,931 people have contracted HIV every day in the world, including 493 children.
– 2.575 people die daily due to AIDS.