Almost six out of ten mothers (58%) between 20 and 40 with children 0-5 years of age have expressed little or very difficult to maintain a healthy diet at home. This level of difficulty increases in the lower socio-economic layers (NCE) (65%) and in those families with 3 or more children (76%). In addition, 88% of women are responsible for the food menu in the house, and 95% are those who usually cook.
These are some of the conclusions from the online survey of 300 mothers between the ages of 20 and 40, with children from 0 to 5 years of CABA and Greater Buenos Aires carried out on Sunday, September 15-24, by consultants Louis Costa and Asoch at the request of the Healthy Revolution, an initiative aimed at changing the habits of behavior among the population to improve the quality of life.
"Although we might assume that at a lower socioeconomic level it is more difficult to maintain a healthy family basket, values are a real warning signal, because poorer diet significantly increases the risk of obesity and obesity and is what we see in more vulnerable layers," said Cardiologist Jorge Tartaglione, President of the Argentine Cardiac Foundation (FDA) and promoter of the Hello Revolution movement.
In Argentina, according to Pan-American Health Organization / World Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) Food Panoramas and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 7.3% of children under the age of 5 are obese.
On the other hand, according to statistics from the Ministry of Health of the nation, 30% of school-age children have an overweight, and 6% suffer from obesity. This situation is partly explained by an overwhelming context of foods, which increases the consumption of processed products (bread, cheese, cold meats, wine and beer, to give some examples) and ultra-processed foods (snacks, ice cream, burgers, chocolates , invoices, sweet cakes and pizzas, among many others), which contribute to the high amount of sugar and sodium of our diet, plus a lower total consumption of fruits and vegetables.
"Taking into account this overweight problem and overweight at such an early age," Healthy Revolution 0-5 "appeared, an initiative framed in the Healthy Revolution Platform, which aims to provide parents with children from 0 to 5 years of useful tools to combat the childhood obesity epidemic. It's more simple and effective to incorporate healthy childhood habits than trying to modify unhealthy behaviors in adulthood, "said Cardiologist Fiorela Tartaglione of Sanitation from Trinidad Miter, a member of the Executive Committee of the FCA and the staff of Healthy revolution.
The research also showed that after receiving information to decide whether the product is healthy or not, it significantly affects the choice of household food. While 79% said they were very or fairly informed, one in five (20%) admitted that they were considered "little or not informed". And by segmenting the responses, it was noticed that the difficulty of choosing a healthy diet dropped to 51% of the informants and rose to 89% among those who were not.
In selecting food groups, for example, vegetarian consumption – for example – was reported by 82% of informed mothers and 67% of less informed mothers; that of fruits, 80 versus 71% and skimmed milk, 56 versus. 36%
Poor information had higher doses of other groups, such as water with or without gas (82 versus 71%), red meat (83 vs. 71%), sweet cookies (74 versus 64%), whole milk (59 opponents). 51%), sausages (56 versus 48%), meat divided (56 versus 47%), baby desserts (49 versus 33%), frozen (41 versus 33%) and soft drinks (40 versus 33%)).
In this same line, when consumption is opened at a socioeconomic level, the lower consumption of all types of products appears in the bottom layer, with the exception of sweet cookies, sausages and soft drinks, and common and lightweight versions.
"It is important to observe how these informed mothers in choosing food decide for healthier groups, which shows us the importance of education and bringing homes with practical advice to help them make a better choice," Tartaglione said.
He consulted on which aspects they privileged in their homes when talking about feeding adults, the informed priority in this order: health 45%, ease of preparation 27% and taste 26%. For their part, the poorly informed privileged the ease of preparation 54%, health 23% and taste 22%.
Before the same consultation, but addressed the feeding of their children, informed people ranked as important if food is healthy (64%), taste (20%) and ease of preparation (14%), while the slightly informed selected health in 49%, ease of preparation in 30% and taste in 19% of cases.
Among other research results and the taking of all respondents above their level of information, on the issue of health assessment, 65% think it is bad or very bad for the general population, and 66% have made the same assessment of children's health. However, asked about their health condition, 83% reported it as good and very good.
As the main health problem for Argentines, they mentioned drug consumption in the first place with 27%, obesity and overweight with 14% and stress with 12%, followed by cancer and insufficient nutrition (10%), and cardiovascular diseases (8 %). Conditions such as smoking and alcohol consumption were mentioned first for 1 and 3%, respectively.
"Although this response exceeds the basic research goals, it also tells us about our reality and the real worries of our population, at least to women who are mothers of small children, in that sense, the drug far outweighs every other concern health, to the point the ejection of practically intangible values of two very serious problems, such as smoking and alcoholism, "reflects Tartaglione.
When asked about the frequency with which the label is read with nutritional information, 42% do it always or almost always, while 53% do it several times or sometimes 5% never see it. Among the information consulted, the top positions are affected by the expiry date (67%), ingredients (42%), the amount of sugar (35%) and total, saturated and trans fat (35%), (34% of reports) and the value of energy / calories (32%).
Another aspect that was part of the research was the frequency of buying food through delivery: 3 out of 10 (30%) said they do it once a week or more, and the most requested products are pizza and empanadas (84%), ice cream (37% ), grill (24%), sandwiches / hamburgers (23%), Milanese (21%), Chinese foods (14%), Japanese (13%), Pies (9%) and Pasta 8%).
As for food outside the home, 22% go at least once a week, and when they are with their children, they appreciate that the place is fun for them (41%), that it is economically accessible (31%), and only in 19% of cases had the privilege of having healthy menus.
"Undoubtedly, the situations in which cooking is not done at home, both in the delivery and in the diet, are scenarios in which most people prefer the taste and the fun in terms of healthy nutrition guidelines. This is a topic that also corresponds to work, with certainty sharing healthy advice with the population, but also invites stores to include more varied and more frequent better alternatives to food among their offers, "Tartaglione concluded.