The average age of its main consumers is 24 years. Despite the sale ban, the country continues to market, and the dilemma about the benefits of its use still divides water among specialists
Is the mark prohibited by vaping? A possible alternative or difficult option, the truth is that for many the electronic cigarette represents "a new cell phone" and, although its sale is limited in the country, fashion that is expanding among young people and increases the risk to health Is there a serious the limit of artificial tobacco?
After the first international forum on electronic cigarettes in Buenos Aires, which gathered the main references of Latin American and European societies in this area, has taken place over the past few days, the big dilemma is whether the electronic cigarette is used to combat consumption. from tobacco. With the votes for and against, there is something that everyone agrees: vaping – as opposed to smoking traditional cigarettes – there is nothing healthy. What's more, one of the most disturbing conclusions of the congress was that this device could be even more dangerous because, as it was said, it becomes a technological fetish for new generations that look badly at conventional tobacco.
According to Daniel Buljubasich, President of the Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine (AAMR), who participated in the recent forum, young people under 24 are the main consumers of electronic cigarettes. "In Argentina, the sale of these cigarettes is forbidden," says Buljubasich, "but it is public knowledge that is sold, and we are in a country where the framework agreement has not been ratified and we have failed to make it public health policy" .
In our country, 26.7% of people aged 18 to 24 smoke, "Buljubasich says
An electronic cigarette, also known as a vaporizer or vapeador, consists of a cigarette or similar container, an internal battery for generating heat and a charge with a liquid solution that, when heated, produces steam that carries various substances for inhalation (vaping). The liquid solution consists of nicotine, flavors and other chemical products that when heated not only generate nicotine aerosols, but also other chemical products that are toxic and carcinogenic to health.
CONTROL AND CONSUMPTION
The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) of the World Health Organization (WHO), in force since February 2005, is the first international public health treaty that establishes a package of measures to control tobacco epidemics. So far, 181 countries have ratified the FCTC, while Argentina is one of the few countries that, despite signing it in 2003, have not yet done so.
"Today, tobacco consumption among young people is disturbing," says Buljubasich. In our country, 26.7% of the population aged 18-24 ".
"We did not find any evidence that electronic cigarettes make young people smoke less"
Lauren Dutra, lead author of research conducted by the University of California
"In Argentina, the sale of these cigarettes is forbidden, but it is still commercialized
Daniel Buljubasich, president of the Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine (AAMR)
On this subject, Gustavo Zabert, president of the Thorax Association (ALAT) in Latin America, said that "what attracts young people the most is the aromas." Fruit trees and the taste of chocolate are the most popular among consumers of electronic cigarettes. flavors and advertising spaces to reduce consumption. "
Asked about the belief that new devices are less harmful than regular tobacco, the president of the ERS, Mina Gaga, presents: "When they ask me if it is true that it is less harmful than a traditional cigarette, data that has no reliable information, I answer as follows: according to a study conducted in the United States, only 36% of people who were shot in the head with a 22 caliber pistol are killed because of this injury, can we say that it is less harmful than other calibers? "
According to the WHO, it should be noted that some substances found in a pair of electronic cigarettes have a toxic and carcinogenic risk, while the aerosol they emit is "a new source of air pollution".
And not only WHO warns about the dangers of this device. More recently, work done by scientists at the University of California has come to ensure that electronic cigarettes, allegedly promoted as an alternative to smoking, actually attract young people who would not otherwise ingest tobacco.
In particular, the researchers found that many young people who started using normal cigarettes could not use nicotine at all without electronic cigarettes.
"We did not find any evidence that electronic cigarettes make young people smoke less," said lead author Lauren Dutra. "The recent decline in the number of young people who smoke is probably due to smoking control rather than electronic cigarettes."
The results, published in the American journal Pediatrics, are based on growing evidence that teens who start using electronic cigarettes are more likely to consume traditional cigarettes.