What does it mean to have polyps in the colon? One of the most common issues facing the appearance of polyps is to know whether they are serious or not. Therefore, it is crucial to know that this pathology is benign tumors with a diameter of 0.5 centimeters and a variable form that can be located in different places of the digestive tract, although it is more common to find themselves in the colon.
There are many types of polyps, most commonly hyperplastic and adenomas. The first is not characterized by the risk of developing cancer, while the latter is more likely to develop in colon cancer.
Although these two are most common, there is a wide variety of polyps, so you need to pay attention to their size, because those with a diameter greater than two centimeters can present areas with cancer developed or developed.
In terms of his appearance, everyone can have them, and more often in adults over 50 years. However, certain situations increase the chances of suffering from them, such as those who have had polyps in previous cases, if a family member had them or if there was a history of bowel cancer. The appearance of polyps increases with age and the causes they cause are not known accurately, although it is assumed that they have a hereditary component or that they are created by consuming a diet rich in fat and weak in fiber.
In most cases, colon polyps have no symptoms, taking as an exception those of a significant size that can bleed. Therefore, knowing that they are asymptomatic, it forces us to perform periodic analyzes to discover them on time.
Video-colloquia is shown at age 50 in all asymptomatic patients, 40 years of age if there is a family history of colon cancer (parents, mother, grandparents) and at any age if the patient presents symptoms attributable to pathology
Diagnostic technique useful for the patient
At present, bowel cancer is one of the most common, both in men and women. This technique, video colonoscopy, is considered the best way to prevent this disease on time because it detects it in the early stages of development, that is when it is still in the polyp phase.
Colonoscopy is the most accurate way to detect polyps and, if necessary, discard it, if necessary, during the execution of the same procedure, ending your analysis when examining it with the pathological service. In the early detection of polyps, the importance of consideration of colonoscopy is routine. The medical professional will indicate the time in which the study should be repeated in each specific case and given certain variables, such as the number of extracted polyps, size and histological type.
It is important to note that anesthesia has provided a fundamental contribution to the realization of video colonoscopy because it avoids the patient's discomfort that can be attributed to the procedure and provides the study as a whole.
The Sanatorio Allende Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Service has incorporated new digestive video endoscopic towers in both locations: the Olympus 190 EVIS EXERA III. This equipment, as the first of these features in the province of Cordoba, besides endoscopic experts in managing this type of endoscopes of the latest generation, allows us to position ourselves in equal technological conditions with the first world.
The endoscopic tower presents many advantages, both for patients and their professionals. The HD images system and pre-freezing of the figures allow detection of minutes with polyps in the wound colon.
These features, added to the rigidity control, allow the patient to reduce the discomfort after conducting the study, making this practice an outpatient, routine and low-grade complication. It is to say that, from the introduction of the endoscope, the professional can deal with a simple and agile way by avoiding the obstacles of the organ. In this way, it is possible not only to cross the area of the insurmountable colon for common endoscopes, but also to ensure the endoscopist that the procedure is carried out successfully by studying the colon in its entirety.
Technological advances allow us to have the most sophisticated endoscopes that provide high resolution images and which, used by expert endoscopists and trained for their use, provide a percentage of sensitivity and efficiency close to 100 percent.