Monday , August 2 2021

All go to the moon! And more news in space come in 2019


Astrobotic designed a lunar lander capable of carrying a load on the surface of the moon.


Much of the Great news from space from 2018 it seemed to include large, new rockets and robotic spacecraft traveling in distant places. But, in 2019, it seems to be focused on one celestial body: our moon.

Over the next year, many spatial organizations have plans for our only natural satellite. During the days, the Chinese space agency could follow Chang's e-4 craft and the rover carrying it on the far side of the moon. The iceberg will examine the area near the south pole on the side of the moon that always faces the Earth.

Lunar traffic is likely to rise with another planned landing mission / mission by the space agency of India that could begin as early as January 30th. A few weeks later, SpaceX Falcon 9 should send it the first Israeli lunar on his way.

Israeli dismissal

It is expected that this Israeli spacecraft will land on the moon in early 2019.

Eliran Avital

The second is the product of the private company SpaceIL, which was the only Israeli team to compete in Google Lunar XPrize. Although the game ended with no winners on the moon, SpaceIL and at least three other finalists – the Berlin PTSistists, the Indus team of Indus and the Florida-based Moon Express – are aiming to fly to the moon at some point in 2019.

Moon Express and the fifth Briz finalist, Astrobotic, were also selected to work with NASA to send new scientific experiments to the moon's surface. At a news conference in November, the space agency said the first commercial lunar cargo of the program could fly in 2019. They are likely to show the technology needed to develop future lunar landings and missions.

It may not be a total coincidence that so many programs are moving toward the moon in 2019. This July will mark the 50th anniversary of Apollo's first landing on the moon and the historic steps of Neil Armstrong on the surface. NASA has planned a celebration for some time and there will be various events taking place around the United States.

If it goes according to the schedule, there may be more lunar action to celebrate in 2019. China can launch its mission Chang's # 5 by the end of the year. Chang's observation of Chang-e-4 will collect samples from the surface and return them to Earth, marking the first time that has happened for decades.

More and more began

Of course, not every space mission will be heading to the moon in 2019. A number of satellite launches and missions have been planned for the International Space Station. Right now, at least some of them are ready to use the massive SpaceX Falcon Heavy, which we have not seen in action since its spectacular, if a bit stupid, Tesla's demonstrative launch in February last year.

SpaceX's General Director, Elon Mask, also promised to see the first short flights or "hops" of his "Starship, "intended to bring people to the moon, Mars and beyond. This is likely to come after the demonstration of another important SpaceX product – Space ship crew dragon which will bring American astronauts to the IST for the first time in a few years.

The Crew Dragon unmanned test will be followed later in the year with the debut of Boeing's new Starliner, which will also ship the crew to the ISS in the future.

NASA has awarded nine astronauts to perform the first test and mission of the Boeing on the CST-100 Starliner and Crew Dragon.


Another noteworthy promotion, which is now set for February, will be the Russian Soyuz rocket, which brings the top ten satellites from OneWeb, designed to provide broadband service from a low-earth orbit. Moshs and SpaceX have promised to start competitive service in the coming years with a constellation of nearly 12,000 small satellites.

Mulsar's billionaire enthusiasts also want to be busy next year. Richard Branson Virgin Orbit may come closer to its own satellite launch service, while Virgin Galactic can send its first customers (and Branson itself) into space for missionary missions.

Also, expect to see more than Jeff Bezos owned by Blue Origin, which will collaborate with NASA to send scientific loads of space travel in early 2019. He will also compete with Mask and Branson for future loads, human and otherwise.

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More milestones in the mission

As the New Year begins, many missions are already underway, and several will reach their goals over the next twelve months. The action began in the first hours of 2019, as NASA's New Horizons flew away from the super-distant object Ultima Thule in the Kuiper Belt.

Several other spacecraft will come closer to the cosmic rocks in 2019. And Japan Hayabusa-2 and Osiris-Rex from NASA will pass part of the year that will prepare to draw samples of asteroids Ryugu and Bennu, respectively. Hayabusa-2 should collect the sample this year, while Osiris-Rex will wait until 2020.

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Elsewhere in the Solar System, NASA's space ship "JUNO" it needs to make another 7 short passes from Jupiter in 2019, hoping to lead to a better understanding of the mysterious, massive planet. In the much smaller and dishonest lights of the next door, a recent landing of the Mars Insight investigation will try to work on the surface of Mars to explore the interior of the planet and listen to the Marquis.

Perhaps the largest donor maneuvers in the entire solar system will be performed by Parker's solar probealso began in 2018, which will again approach the Sun in April and September, drawing valuable data from the outside atmosphere of the star. Then in December will be used help for gravity of Venus to get even faster, breaking their own records and scrolling closer to the Sun. than ever before.

At present, there are no such large ticket scientific probes and telescopes that will be launched in 2019, as it was in 2018. However, the next is to follow the European Characterized Satellite Exploration (CHEOPS), which should provide a better view of the exoplanets around distant stars. It can start in November.

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What to see in the heavens above

The next year they will bring all yearly meteor rain that we will treat for each year, but it is not predicted to bring significant meteoric outbursts or particularly bright comets for skywatchers. However, in 2019, there will be several treatments that will be worth watching.

Things begin with full moon eclipse, which coincided with the January superman, a phenomenon known as the "Super Moon of the Blood". It happens every few years or so, including last January.

A few rare heavenly events to commemorate your calendars include the transit of Mercury through the sun on November 11. There is also another full eclipse of the Sun, like the one that swept the millions in the United States in August 2017, although this will only be visible in parts of South America and the South Pacific on July 2nd.

Finally, we will get a close pass from a particularly weird asteroid called 1999 KW4 which makes its once 18-year visit through our neighborhood on May 25th. This potentially dangerous asteroid is large, perhaps wide as a small city with a diameter of up to 3 kilometers (1.9 miles). It is also a binary system, which means orbiting a smaller asteroid moon.

However, there is no need to worry. Although classified as potentially dangerous, mainly due to its size, it will sail from us at a very safe distance of over 5 million kilometers (3.1 million miles).

So, the world should do it by 2020, when even larger space missions are in touch, including the world's first artificial meteor shower. Say what? Stay away and stuck!

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