The myth that breakfast is good to control body weight extends internationally, but there is no concrete evidence that either, or skipping the considered "most important meal of the day," led to an increase in body weight, according to a study published Wednesday in the journal British Medical Journal (BMJ).
A team from Monash University in Melbourne, Australia, analyzed the effect of a regular breakfast for weight change and daily energy intake, based on the results of 13 trials randomly controlled, carried out mainly in the United States and Britain in the past 28 years.
The participants were regular and unusual breakfast specialists with different weights, who were controlled in the range of 24 hours to 16 weeks.
The researchers found that total daily energy intake is greater for those who ate breakfast than those who skipped it, with an average of 260 calories more. In addition, those who did not decide to eat breakfast were on average almost half a kilo more weak of others.
On the other hand, the effect of breakfast did not differ between people of normal weight and those who were overweight.
Because of the varying quality of the included studies, the findings of this research should be interpreted with caution, but their authors claim that currently available evidence does not support modifying diets in adults to include breakfast as a good weight loss strategy.
Although breakfast may regularly have other important benefits, care should be taken when it is recommended for adults as a weight loss method, as it may cause an opposite effect, according to this study.