An Australian neurologist discovered a new region of the brain that had never been observed in well-studied laboratory animals.
The region, now under the name of Endorestiform Nucleus, was first seen around 30 years ago, but only recently its existence has been confirmed by researchers. The discovery was made possible with the latest coloring techniques and images.
"There is nothing pleasant for a neuroscientist rather than finding a previously unknown area of the human brain. What is important is that this area is absent in monkeys and other animals. There must be some things that are unique to the human brain, except its larger size, and this area is probably one of them. "Professor George Paxinos of Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), who suspected the existence of a endoresthetic nucleus in the brain, a statement.
The newly discovered region is located in the lower part of the cerebellum near the cerebral cortex, which is responsible for integrating sensory and motor information to correct our hold, balance, and engine motions.
The discovery is a revolutionary new understanding of the function of the brain and suggests a potential target for the treatment of many diseases, including Parkinson's disease and motor neurone diseases.
"Professor Paxinos's Atlas shows detailed morphology and connections of the human brain and the spinal cord, providing a critical framework for researchers to test the hypothesis of the synaptic function of the treatment of brain diseases," said Professor Peter Schofield, executive director of NeuRA .
People have extraordinarily large brains that are more than three times larger than our closest relatives. Not surprisingly, his behavior is also complex. If we understand more about how the newly discovered region behaves and communicates, we will learn more about how it can affect people's health.
"What remains to be done is to determine the function of this newly discovered region of the brain," said George Paxinos. "Now that it is mapped, it will be possible to be studied by the wider research community."