I think we already have some of those who are here!
ESA has just signed a one-year contract with Europe's largest provider of launch services in Europe, ArianeGroup, to study the feasibility of mining on the moon. It needs to go according to the plan, the ESA wants to start the mission by 2025 Popular Mechanics reports.
The mission will focus on the lunar regolith, a land similar to the dust that covers our moon. It's not exactly what we call "soil" here – on Earth soil contains many organic matter. However, Regolith contains molecular oxygen and water. It is also quite rich in helium-3 isotopes that "can provide safer nuclear power in a fusion reactor because it is not radioactive and will not produce hazardous waste products," according to ESA.
[This study is] "The opportunity to recall the ability of Ariane 64 to carry out Moon's missions for its institutional clients, with a capacity of 8.5 metric tons," said Andre-Hubert Russell, CEO of ArianeGroup.
"This year, marking the fiftieth anniversary of Moon's first Moon Moon moves, ArianeGroup will support all current and future European projects, in accordance with its mission to guarantee independent, sovereign access to space for Europe."
The mission will begin on the Ariane 64 rocket. The vehicle is still in operation and is a variation of the Ariane 6 rocket of the company with additional four reinforcers on the tape. The study will include PTScientists based in Berlin, a former competitor of Google Lunar XPrize. ArianeGroup will handle the rocket, and PTScientists will design and build the iceberg, in fact, to reach down to the moon.
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"We are very satisfied with the trust that the European Space Agency has," said Robert Boehme, executive director and founder of PTS scientists, in a press release.
While the mission is assessed and the hardware is set up, the ESA spacewalk instructor Hervé Stevenin and the ESA astronaut Mathias Maurer work together with geologists and engineers to simulate a lunar space ship in the volcanic volcano district of Lanzarote, Spain as part of the Pangea-X . This is a test campaign set by ESA to bring together space exploration expertise, high tech geometry equipment and geology equipment to train crew members on this future mission.
Spacesuits are voluminous, unpleasant things. They also limit the spectrum of movements of astronauts with quite a big difference. You can not kneel or bend in a suit under pressure in space, gloves make it harder to handle anything, the movement of hands is limited by the articulated joints of the suits, and the helmet limits the field of view. The training of astronauts with Hervey tests operational concepts and prototypes of equipment designed to take into account this limited range of motion they will experience in a suit. Their current training will make them feel when they set foot on the moon.
"For these tests, we do not have a lunar, but after spending many training lessons with NASA rocks we are accustomed to the limitations of mobility. We have applied this knowledge – and our bodily memory – to testing lunar tools," says Herve.
The equipment of spacewalkers was equipped with video cameras that transmit live gases to scientists. Wide-angle videos, 360 panoramas, close-ups, and microscopic images were sent to the "space coordinator" and other scientists followed the simulated mission from mission control.
"The next generation of lunar researchers will be trained in the relevant scientific disciplines, but on the Earth there will always be more expertise," said Samuel Pyler, a researcher at the European Center for Astronauts in Cologne, Germany.
"The challenge is that this expertise is transmitted to astronauts during the moon to make the best decisions based on science. Real-time data sharing, including images and video, is an essential part of this."
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