Lithium carbon dioxide batteries are attractive energy storage systems because they have a specific energy density that is more than seven times greater than commonly used lithium ion batteries. However, until now, scientists have not been able to develop a fully rechargeable prototype, despite their potential to store more energy.
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are the first to show that lithium carbon dioxide batteries can be designed to operate in a fully rechargeable manner, and they have successfully tested a prototype lithium carbon dioxide battery running up to 500 consecutive cycles of charge. / recharge processes.
Their findings are published in the journal Advanced Materials.
"Lithium carbon dioxide batteries have been attractive for a long time, but in practice, we haven't been able to get one that is truly efficient until now," said Amin Salehi-Khojin, associate professor of mechanical and industrial engineering at UIC's College of Engineering. Engineering.
Traditionally, when a lithium carbon dioxide battery discharges, it produces lithium carbonate and carbon. The lithium carbonate recycles during the charge phase, but the carbon just accumulates on the catalyst, ultimately leading to battery failure.
"Carbon accumulation not only blocks the active sites of catalyst and carbon dioxide diffusion prevents, but also triggers electrolyte decomposition in a charged state," said Alireza Ahmadiparidari, first author of the paper and a UIC College of Engineering graduate student.
Salehi-Khojin and his colleagues used new materials in their experimental carbon dioxide battery to promote thorough recycling of both lithium carbonate and carbon. They used molybdenum disulfide as a cathode catalyst combined with a hybrid electrolyte to help incorporate carbon into the cycling process.
Specifically, their combination of materials produces a single multi-component composite of products rather than separate products, making recycling more efficient.
"Our unique combination of materials helps make the first carbon-neutral lithium carbon dioxide battery with much more efficiency and long lasting life cycle, which will enable it to be used in advanced energy storage systems," Salehi-Khojin said.
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Alireza Ahmadiparidari et al. A Long ‐ Cycle ‐ Life Lithium – CO 2 Battery with Carbon Neutrality, Advanced Materials (2019). DOI: 10.1002 / adma.201902518
First fully rechargeable carbon dioxide battery with carbon neutrality (2019, September 26)
retrieved 26 September 2019
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